Tess of the d'Urbervilles - Wikipedia
Tess is a beautiful, loyal young woman living with her impoverished family in the link to the noble line of the d'Urbervilles, and, as a result, Tess is sent to work at her family are not really related to this branch of the d'Urbervilles at all: Alec's. Alec vs Angel: The Two Leading Men Of Tess Of The D'Urbervilles. A blossoming English rose, Tess manages to beguile two very different men in Thomas. The title of the second phase deals with the significance of Tess's sexual experience in her After the dance at Chaseborough, Tess refuses Alec's offers to take her home and goes with him . But all the while, she was making a distinction where there was no difference. DISCUSSION OF TESS OF THE D' URBERVILLES.
Thus we have a reversal of roles: Angel becomes the prodigal in his father's eyes, whilst Alec becomes the true son There is a mention of Mr Clare sending him to Cambridge instead of Angel There is also talk of his being a missionarywhilst Angel goes abroad in a purely secular capacity. Yet Hardy seems more interested in the irony of the situation created than in tracing a complex psychological series of moves and this is why he fails to convince all his readers over this part of the plot.
Hardy makes the depth of conversion much shallower in his revisions of the novel so that Alec's sexuality wins out over his spirituality very quickly. Tess has helped 'convert' him back away from faith just as Angel has 'converted' her.
She even repeats Angel's arguments, not realizing how such a move can only do her harm. Alec the charlatan This is shown through Alec's: Dandyism, that is to say in his conscious self-image as an idle and dissolute young man More on dandyism: The s was a great period of dandyism.
Use of money to buy influence over Tess and her family, under the guise of helping them Use of disguises and tricks Name, which harks back to a false past - Mr Stokes has exploited it for his own prestige and pride in contrast to Angel's father, who humbly honours the past for its wisdom. Alec himself sees this fake name as a joke and will not pretend anything with Tess 'Honesty in dishonesty', typical of a 'villain' and contrasting with Tess's inherent sense of honesty and pride Alec's entire exploitation of Tess may have something to do with the false being jealous of the true and desiring to subvert it.
It could be argued that Alec's conversion is fake. Hardy suggests in Ch 45 it is somehow not real, not fitting his features. However, just as his love for Tess is genuine as far as he is capable, so his conversion can be regarded as genuine, but lacking substance. In linguistics, the interaction between speaker and recipient, such as diction and tone. Her returning and leaving again are one example of the repetition of past actions that runs through this novel.
The repetition of actions, for J. Hillis Miller, shows the impossibility of avoiding not so much the effects of the past as its repetition. The past has embodied itself in the persons of the present as well as in their surroundings.
This embodiment forces people against their will to re-enact the patterns of the past. It is as if they were caught up in a great wind of history which whirls them into the rigid forms of a predetermined dance. Ask yourself, as Tess makes her various journeys, what she has learned, if anything, and how—or whether—she has been affected by her experience. At this point, Tess is able to act to defend herself and to resist Alec's advances; she rubs off his "kiss of mastery" page 51 and jumps out of the gig for her hat, which she deliberately let fly away.
Tess thinks of returning home but decides to stay; at this point, Tess still feels she has choice. Is she really free at this point so that she is responsible for her decision?
Does this decision to stay make her responsible for Alec's sexually violating her later? However, he is pleased by this news because he thinks it will make their match more suitable in the eyes of his family. As the marriage approaches, Tess grows increasingly troubled.
She writes to her mother for advice; Joan tells her to keep silent about her past. Her anxiety increases when a man from Trantridge, named Groby, recognises her and crudely alludes to her history. Angel overhears and flies into an uncharacteristic rage. Tess, deciding to tell Angel the truth, writes a letter describing her dealings with d'Urberville and slips it under his door. When Angel greets her with the usual affection the next morning, she thinks he has forgiven her; later she discovers the letter under his carpet and realises that he has not seen it.
The wedding ceremony goes smoothly, apart from the omen of a cock crowing in the afternoon. Tess and Angel spend their wedding night at an old d'Urberville family mansion, where Angel presents his bride with diamonds that belonged to his godmother. When he confesses that he once had a brief affair with an older woman in London, Tess finally feels able to tell Angel about Alec, thinking he will understand and forgive.
The Woman Pays 35—44 [ edit ] However, Angel is appalled by the revelation, and makes it clear that Tess is reduced in his eyes. Although he admits that Tess was "more sinned against" than she has sinned herself, he feels that her "want of firmness" confronting Alec may indicate a flaw in her character and that she is no longer the woman he thought she was.Tess of the D'Urbervilles (1998) - Tess and Alec - 'Laura'
He spends the wedding night on a sofa. After a few awkward days, a devastated Tess suggests they separate, saying that she will return to her parents. Angel gives her some money and promises to try to reconcile himself to her past, but warns her not to try to join him until he sends for her. After a brief visit to his parents, Angel takes a ship to Brazil to see if he can start a new life there. Before he leaves, he encounters Tess's milkmaid friend Izz and impulsively asks her to come with him as his mistress.
She accepts, but when he asks her how much she loves him, she admits "Nobody could love 'ee more than Tess did! She would have laid down her life for 'ee. I could do no more! Tess returns home for a time. However, she soon runs out of money, having to help out her parents more than once. Finding her life with them unbearable, she decides to join Marian at a starve-acre farm called Flintcomb-Ash; they are later joined by Izz.
On the road, she is again recognised and insulted by Groby, who later turns out to be her new employer. At the farm, the three former milkmaids perform hard physical labour. One winter day, Tess attempts to visit Angel's family at the parsonage in Emminster, hoping for practical assistance. As she nears her destination, she encounters Angel's older brothers, with Mercy Chant.
They do not recognise her, but she overhears them discussing Angel's unwise marriage, and dares not approach them. On the way back home, she overhears a wandering preacher and is shocked to discover that it is Alec d'Urberville, who has been converted to Methodism under the Reverend James Clare's influence.
The Convert 45—52 [ edit ] Alec and Tess are each shaken by their encounter.
Alec claims that she has put a spell on him and makes Tess swear never to tempt him again as they stand beside an ill-omened stone monument called the Cross-in-Hand.
However, Alec continues to pursue her and soon comes to Flintcomb-Ash to ask Tess to marry him, although she tells him she is already married. He begins stalking her, despite repeated rebuffs, returning at Candlemas and again in early spring, when Tess is hard at work feeding a threshing machine.
Rape or Seduction?
He tells her he is no longer a preacher and wants her to be with him. When he insults Angel, she slaps him, drawing blood. Tess then learns from her sister, Liza-Lu, that her father, John, is ill and that her mother is dying.
Tess rushes home to look after them. Her mother soon recovers, but her father unexpectedly dies from a heart condition. The impoverished family is now evicted from their home, as Durbeyfield held only a life lease on their cottage. Alec, having followed her to her home village, tries to persuade Tess that her husband is never coming back and offers to house the Durbeyfields on his estate.
Tess refuses his assistance several times. She had earlier written Angel a psalm-like letter, full of love, self-abasement, and pleas for mercy, in which she begs him to help her fight the temptation she is facing.
Now, however, she finally begins to realize that Angel has wronged her and scribbles a hasty note saying that she will do all she can to forget him, since he has treated her so unjustly. The Durbeyfields plan to rent some rooms in the town of Kingsbere, ancestral home of the d'Urbervilles, but arrive to find that the rooms have already been rented to another family. All but destitute, they are forced to take shelter in the churchyard, under the D'Urberville window.
Tess enters the church and in the d'Urberville Aisle, Alec reappears and importunes Tess again.