Free Essay: Relationship between Prospero, Caliban and Ariel in The Tempest and Ariel. Caliban is the abrasive, foul-mouthed son of the evil witch Sycorax. likeness in difference is especially noticeable in the case of the two strange servants between Prospero and his quaint minister only when Ariel too much insists the island: Sycorax gave birth to Caliban soon after her arrival, so that he is a. Unlike Caliban, Ariel has a (mostly) warm and loving relationship with Prospero, who saved Ariel when he arrived on the island. (The evil witch Sycorax.
The two of them were indeed the rulers of the island and imprisoned all of the other many spirits that were among them on the island. They were harsh to the other spirits and treated them with extreme cruelty. However, this did not always used to be the case.
Before Sycorax became the so called queen of the island, her late husband Asa, who has now since deceased, was the loving and kind ruler of the land. Asa was very much respected among the spirits and different creatures. Everyone was treated with compassion during the days when Asa was in charge.
Who Is Sycorax in The Tempest?
Everyone seemed to be so happy and content. Sycorax, Caliban and Asa lived a very solemn and peaceful life. The character may even be a reference to a specific historical personage. According to Romantic literary critic Charles Lamba witch, whose name has been lost to history, had recently been banished from North Africa about half a century before the time Shakespeare was writing the play; her similarity to Sycorax has struck a few scholars as notable.
Lamb's claims, however, remain unverified. Because she is native to Algiers and her story is only heard through others Prospero, Ariel, and Calibanshe is championed by some scholars as a representation of the silenced African woman. In an attempt to give voice to unspoken indigenous cultures, Brathwaite's poems outline the history of the Caribbean through Sycorax's eyes.
Sycorax is presented as Brathwaite's muse, possessing him and his computer to give full voice to the history of the silenced, who in Brathwaite's philosophy are not only Caribbean natives, but any culture under-represented during the colonial period.
Islam had successfully conquered and colonised much of the Middle East and some of southern Europe during the Middle Ages. This interpretation inverts the traditional postcolonial interpretations of The Tempest, however. If Sycorax is viewed as an Islamic expansionist, then she herself is the coloniser, not Prospero who becomes merely a re-colonizer of the island.
However, Sycorax's portrayal as an absent, silent woman still allows the play to solidify the idea of European over Islamic power.
Most of what is said about her in the play is said by Prospero. However, as scholars point out, Prospero has never met Sycorax—all he learned about her he learned from Ariel—and his suspicion of women makes him an unreliable source of information. In The Tempest, Shakespeare presents two powerful sorcerers, Prospero and Sycorax, who have both controlled the island.
Initially it appears that the two characters are a contrasting pair: However, upon closer analysis, the differences between the two characters disappear and the similarities grow. For example, Prospero, like Sycorax, coerces Ariel into doing his bidding, using the sprite to regain his inheritance as a Duke, and tortures Caliban with magic the way Sycorax tortured Ariel.
Also, both Prospero and Sycorax were exiled from their respective homelands and both have children, which was possibly the reason why they were both spared being executed.
In Isaiah 29, an Ariel is mentioned as another name for Jerusalem. In the Geneva Bible, which Shakespeare and others of the time would have known, the entry carries an interesting footnote describing this Ariel as the "Lyon of God.
Other scholars propose that the ca. The character, named Shrimp, is also an air demon controlled by a magician. A few scenes of the play feature this demon performing tasks nearly identical to those Shakespeare's Ariel performed. Since it is very likely Shakespeare was familiar with the play, it is possible that Ariel is based on Shrimp, but evidence remains inconclusive.
Shakespeare, however, refuses to make Ariel a will-less character, infusing him with desires and near-human feelings uncharacteristic of most sprites of this type. Scholars have tried to discover just what sort of "quainte device" would have been used by the King's Men in portraying this scene.
Ariel's actor would have been unable to hide the food himself, having harpy wings over his arms which cumbered movement. The actor would not even have been able to sweep the food into a receptacle behind the table, since the theatre had seating on three sides. What was needed was some sort of device to act on the signal of Ariel slapping his wings on the table.
This device was probably a false table top which could be tripped by a boy underneath while the harpy's wings covered the food.
When the wings lifted, the food would be gone, apparently by magic. Later in act three, when Ariel appears and disappears with thunder, another trick was probably used, involving some sort of basket on wires, covered in cloud designs, which the Globe theatre then had. Ariel may have descended from the air in this device as a harpy, spoken his lines, and ascended in the same device.
Ariel may have descended on the back of an eagle, rather than clouds, or with no device at all—wires being attached to his harpy wings. Scholars have wondered whether Shakespeare originally intended the actor for Ariel to cover Ceres' role, and give it away in this line.
Ariel (The Tempest) - Wikipedia
The need for a dual role may have been caused by a shortage of boys capable of playing female parts boys usually played all female roles in Shakespeare's day as there are many female roles in The Tempest.
This changing of parts requires a change in costume, which explains a lot of Ariel's delay in scene four in carrying out Prospero's orders. Time is allowed for the character to change from Ariel to Ceres and back. On the other side, Ceres may have been associated, by Shakespeare, to the Kairos figure, related to rhetorics, personating the opportune moment to present the convincing argument in a speech.The Storyteller's Shakespeare: The Tempest
More recent studies, however, have revealed that, given the small number of boys travelling with the King's Men and the large number of parts for them to fill, there would have been little choice in the matter. The entire scene comes together in a way that leads scholars to believe that the Masque scene with the three goddesses was added as an afterthought to work around costuming and role-playing issues. One example is in the stage directions at III. Enter ARIEL, like a harpy; claps his wings upon the table; and, with a quaint device, the banquet vanishes.