Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Approximately one third of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. With fatty liver disease, fat builds up in your liver. Learn about the two types: one is caused by heavy drinking and the other has an unknown. An illustration showing the difference between a normal liver and a liver that has nonalcoholic fatty Used with permission from Mayo Clinic. All rights reserved.
Alcoholic fatty liver disease only happens in people who are heavy drinkers, especially those who have been drinking for a long period of time. The risk is higher for heavy drinkers who are women, have obesity, or have certain genetic mutations. What are the symptoms of fatty liver disease? If you do have symptoms, you may feel tired or have discomfort in the upper right side of your abdomen. How is fatty liver disease diagnosed? Because there are often no symptoms, it is not easy to find fatty liver disease.
Liver - fatty liver disease
Your doctor may suspect that you have it if you get abnormal results on liver tests that you had for other reasons. To make a diagnosis, your doctor will use Your medical history A physical exam Various tests, including blood and imaging testsand sometimes a biopsy As part of the medical history, your doctor will ask about your alcohol use, to find out whether fat in your liver is a sign of alcoholic fatty liver disease or nonalcoholic fatty liver NAFLD. He or she will also ask which medicines you take, to try to determine whether a medicine is causing your NAFLD.
During the physical exam, your doctor will examine your body and check your weight and height.
Fatty Liver: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis
Your doctor will look for signs of fatty liver disease, such as An enlarged liver Signs of cirrhosis, such as jaundicea condition that causes your skin and whites of your eyes to turn yellow You will likely have blood tests, including liver function tests and blood count tests. NASH can damage your liver for years or even decades without causing any symptoms. If the disease gets worse, you may experience fatigue, weight loss, abdominal discomfort, weakness and confusion.
Diagnosis of fatty liver disease Your doctor may see something unusual in a blood test or notice that your liver is slightly enlarged during a routine check-up. These could be signs of a fatty liver. If other diseases are ruled out, you may be diagnosed with NASH. The only way to know for sure is to get a liver biopsy.
Your doctor will remove a sample of liver tissue with a needle and check it under a microscope. Some questions to ask your doctor after diagnosis include: What is the likely cause of my fatty liver?
Do I have cirrhosis? If not, how likely am I to develop cirrhosis? Do I need to lose weight?
How can I do so safely? Should I be taking any medication to control my cholesterol and triglyceride levels? What medications or other substances should I avoid to protect my liver? Prevention and reversal of fatty liver disease There are no medical or surgical treatments for fatty liver, but some steps may help prevent or reverse some of the damage.
- Fatty Liver Disease
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
- Fatty Liver (Hepatic Steatosis)
In general, if you have fatty liver, and in particular if you have NASH, you should: However, your liver can be inflamed without being enlarged.
Also, tell your doctor about any history of alcohol, medication, and supplement use. Blood tests Your doctor may find that liver enzymes are higher than normal during a routine blood test. Further analysis is necessary to find the cause of the inflammation. Imaging studies Your doctor may use an ultrasound to detect fat in your liver. Another imaging test similar to ultrasound is a FibroScan.
Like an ultrasound, a FibroScan utilizes sound waves to determine the density of the liver and the corresponding areas of fat and normal liver tissue.Pediatric Obesity and Fatty Liver Disease - UCLAMDCHAT Webinars
Liver biopsy A liver biopsy is still considered the best way to determine the severity of liver disease. During a liver biopsyyour doctor will insert a needle into the liver and remove a piece of tissue for examination.
They will give you a local anesthetic to lessen the pain. A liver biopsy is the only way to know for certain the severity of fatty liver or other liver diseases.
The biopsy can also help your doctor determine the exact cause.