Foreign policy of the Bill Clinton administration - Wikipedia
The impeachment of Bill Clinton, the 42nd President of the United States, was initiated in . Months later, Clinton admitted that his relationship with Lewinsky was Starr submitted his findings to Congress in a lengthy document (the so- called .. Al Gore reportedly confronted Clinton after the election, and "tried to explain. "And I've never yet seen a Congress that didn't ultimately. Madison wrote of the relationship between the Congress and the President. "There are far more economic interest groups defined in more different ways than we. SSUSH25 e. Explain the relationship between Congress and President Bill Clinton; include the North American Free Trade Agreement and his impeachment .
Clinton continued to work passionately  on negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians. Throughout his last year in office, Clinton came close to arranging a final peace settlement but failed, according to Clinton, as a result of Arafat's reluctance.
Clinton replied, "The hell I am. I'm a colossal failure, and you made me one. Bush while he was visiting Kuwait in April of that year to commemorate a coalition victory over Iraq in the Gulf War. Sixteen hit the target, while three struck a residential area, killing nine civilians and wounding 12 others. Four missiles were unaccounted for. This allowed better face-to-face coordination with tactical air control parties TACP assets further forward deployed at Camp DohaKuwait and points north.
Iraq would later withdraw troops near the Kuwaiti border in response to a massive U.
This served to increase U. Congress of Hussein's possible pursuit of nuclear weapons, saying: Together we must also confront the new hazards of chemical and biological weaponsand the outlaw states, terrorists and organized criminals seeking to acquire them.
Saddam Hussein has spent the better part of this decade, and much of his nation's wealth, not on providing for the Iraqi people, but on developing nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and the missiles to deliver them.
Foreign policy of the Bill Clinton administration
The United Nations weapons inspectors have done a truly remarkable job, finding and destroying more of Iraq's arsenal than was destroyed during the entire gulf war.
Now, Saddam Hussein wants to stop them from completing their mission. I know I speak for everyone in this chamber, Republicans and Democrats, when I say to Saddam Hussein, "You cannot defy the will of the world", and when I say to him, "You have used weapons of mass destruction before; we are determined to deny you the capacity to use them again.
Between December 16 and 19,Clinton ordered four-day period of concentrated air attacks against military installations in Iraq. This was in response to Saddam's refusal to cooperate with UN inspectors. After the bombing, Hussein blocked any further UN inspections and announced its attempt to shoot down Coalition aircraft in the no-fly zones over Iraq. For several years afterward, U. These sanctions were alleged to have contributed to increased child mortality there,   although this was disputed.
On May 6,Clinton signed Executive Orderwhich implemented tight oil and trade sanctions on Iran and made it illegal for American corporations or their foreign subsidiaries to participate in any contract "for the financing of the development of petroleum resources located in Iran.
In Clinton's second term as President, beginning inthe administration began to take a softer approach towards Iran, particularly after the election of reformist Mohammad Khatami as President of Iran. That year, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and President Clinton mandated what could be considered an apology to the Iranian people for the CIA -assisted coup that overthrew the democratically elected Prime Minister, Mohammed Mossadeghand replaced him with the Shahthus leading to the Islamic Revolution two decades later.
Albright and Clinton also acknowledged that the U. Khatami also encouraged Americans to travel to Iran for vacational purposes, citing the city of Esfahana popular location for tourists where, according to CNNseveral "well-preserved" sites often "surprise" tourists.
In a well-publicized interview, Khatami refused to fully apologize for the '79 hostage crisis in which 52 American diplomats were held hostage for days yet did offer to open up a dialogue with the American people.
Clinton at one point offered to open up an official dialogue with the Iranian government and renew diplomatic relations with the country after 20 years of no such relations.
However, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei refused to accept the offer for dialogue unless the U.
- Bill Clinton
- Impeachment of Bill Clinton
Eventually, President Clinton did ease restrictions on export of food and medical equipment to Iran. Albright announced in that the U. Inthe State Department warned U. By the time Clinton left office in Januaryit was clear that relations between Iran and the United States had significantly cooled despite the fact that President Khatami and President Clinton failed to initiate an official diplomatic dialogue between the nations, something which has not existed since the hostage crisis.
North Korea[ edit ] North Korea's feared aim to create nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles was a serious problem for the Clinton Administration.
Impeachment of Bill Clinton - Wikipedia
InNorth Korea, a signatory of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treatyrefused to allow international inspectors to review two nuclear waste sites. The inspectors wanted to see if North Korea was in violation of the treaty since they were suspected of reprocessing spent fuel into plutoniumwhich could be used to manufacture nuclear weapons.
InClinton also considered a US military strike on bombing the Yongbyon nuclear reactor. He was advised that if war broke out, it could cost 52, US andSouth Korean military casualties in the first three months, as well as a large number of civilian casualties.
With private diplomacy by former president Jimmy Carter, the Clinton administration reached a breakthrough with North Korea in October when North Korea agreed to shut down the nuclear plants that could produce materials for weapons if the United States would help North Korea build plants that generated electricity with light-water nuclear reactors.
These reactors would be more efficient and their waste could not easily be used for nuclear weaponry. However, economic supports by the agreement and KEDO gave an advantage to North Korea, and North Korea broke off from the treaty and restarted plutonium production. In OctoberNorth Korea tested its first nuclear weapon.
President Bush warned that he was not pleased by such actions as it is he invited the international community to take a stand. As a result, North Korea, the United States, Russia, China were involved in negotiations and North Korea agreed to close down their nuclear station temporarily.
Mexico[ edit ] Clinton faced yet another foreign crisis in earlywhen the value of the Mexican peso began to fall sharply and threatened the collapse of the Mexican economy. Clinton believed the collapse of Mexico's economy would have a negative impact on the United States because of their close economic ties. He proposed a plan to address the financial crisis in Mexico, but many in Congress, fearing that constituents would not favor aid money to Mexico, rejected the plan.
The loan was approved and Mexico completed its loan payments to the United States in Januarythree years ahead of schedule. However, issues such as drug smuggling and U. Cuba[ edit ] After negotiations with representatives of the Cuban government, Clinton revealed in May a controversial policy reversing the decades-old policy of automatically granting asylum to Cuban refugees.
Approximately 20, Cuban refugees detained at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba were to be admitted to the United States over a period of three months. In order to prevent a mass exodus of refugees to the United States, all future refugees would be returned to Cuba.
This policy meant that Cuban refugees caught at sea were returned to Cuba wet footwhile Cuban refugees that made it to dry land dry foot were allowed to stay in the U. This changed the refugees' tactics from slow rafts to speed boats. Relations between the United States and Cuba deteriorated in February when Cuba shot down two American civilian planes. Cuba accused the planes of violating Cuban airspace. Clinton tightened sanctions against Cuba and suspended charter flights from the United States to Cuba, hoping this would cripple Cuba's tourism industry.
In their response to the incident, the U. Congress passed the Helms—Burton Act in March The bill strengthened an embargo against imports of Cuban products. Title III, however, made the bill controversial because it allowed American citizens whose property was seized during and after the Cuban Revolution to sue in American courts foreign companies that later invested in those properties.
Title III sparked an immediate uproar from countries such as Mexico, Canada, and members of the European Union because they believed that they would be penalized for doing business with Cuba. In response, Clinton repeatedly suspended Title III of the legislation the act gave the president the right to exercise this option every six months. Clinton softened his Cuban policy in and He also took steps to increase educational, religious, and humanitarian contacts in Cuba.
American History: Bill Clinton’s First Term as President
Northern Ireland[ edit ] Clinton also sought to end the conflict in Northern Ireland by arranging a peace agreement between the nationalist and unionist factions. In former Senator George Mitchell —whom Clinton had appointed to assist in peace talks—supported an accord that became known as the Good Friday Agreement.
It called for the British Parliament to devolve legislative and executive authority of the province to a new Northern Ireland Assemblywhose Executive would include members of both communities. Years of stalemate have followed the agreement, mainly due to the refusal of the Provisional Irish Republican Army IRAa nationalist paramilitary group, to decommission its weapons for some years[ quantify ] and after that the refusal of the Democratic Unionist Party to push the process forward.
Mitchell returned to the region and arranged yet another blueprint for a further peace settlement that resulted in a December formation of the power-sharing government agreed the previous year, which was to be followed by steps toward the IRA's disarmament. That agreement eventually faltered as well, although Clinton continued peace talks to prevent the peace process from collapsing completely.
Power was restored to the Assembly in Maymarking renewed promise for the fulfillment of the Good Friday Agreement. On July 10,Clinton announced that his administration was restoring full diplomatic relations with Vietnam, citing the continued progress in determining the whereabouts of MIA's and locating the remains of soldiers killed in the Vietnam War. Clinton nonetheless stressed that the search for Americans would continue, especially for the soldiers listed as "discrepancies;" namely 55 American soldiers believed to still be alive when they went missing.
On November 16,Clinton arrived in Hanoi with his wife, Senator-elect Hillary Clinton and daughter Chelsea shortly before his second term in office ended. Intense relations with China and the imprisonment of an innocent American in the Communist nation, led to pressure for the U. Hillary Rodham Clinton gave a successful speech before the entire Chinese leadership and the Conference where she, without bringing up China or any particular nation, attacked human rights abuses against humanity in general, and women and girls in particular.
Chinese concerns about the upcoming Taiwanese presidential election as well as the possibility of the declaration of Taiwanese independence led to a series of missile tests right off the coast of Taiwan that could have escalated out of control.
The Clinton administration responded in March by staging the biggest display of American military might in Asia since the Vietnam War. Bakke also known as the Bakke decision. Wade————Addressed the right of women to choose whether to have an abortion under certain circumstances.
By expanding the constitutional right of privacy to include abortion, the Court extended civil liberties protections.
Bakke————Ruled race can be used when considering applicants to colleges, but racial quotas cannot be used. He tried to bring peace to the Middle East and, in the Camp David Accords, negotiated a peace agreement between the Egyptian president and the Israeli prime minister at Camp David a presidential retreat in Maryland in This was the first time there had been a signed peace agreement between Middle Eastern nations.
Although the agreement left many differences unresolved, it did solve urgent problems facing the two nations.
Inthe Iranian Revolution replaced a shah king friendly to America with a Muslim religious leader unfriendly to America. When Carter let the shah enter the United States for medical treatment, angry Iranian revolutionaries invaded the U.
The Iranian hostage crisis lasted days, until the captives were released after the election of Ronald Reagan as president, and it nurtured anti-Americanism among Muslims around the world.
Reagan Administration Ronald Reagan was president for much of the s. During that time, many important events helped shape American politics to this day. As a conservative, Reagan wanted to decrease the size and role of the federal government.
American History: Bill Clinton’s First Term as President
It included budget cuts, tax cuts, and increased defense spending. By cutting social welfare budgets, his policy hurt lower-income Americans and, overall, Reaganomics led to a severe recession. Details of this scandal are still largely unknown to the public. Five of those states now comprise Russia, and the other ten are independent countries.
Clinton also became the second president in U. The House of Representatives charged him with perjury and obstruction of justice. The charges were based on accusations of improper use of money from a real estate deal and allegations he had lied under oath about an improper relationship with a White House intern. Clinton denied the charges and the Senate acquitted him, allowing Clinton to remain in office and finish his second term.
Analyze the presidential election and its outcome, emphasizing the role of the electoral college. Bush, as well as consumer advocate Ralph Nader, who ran as a third-party candidate.
Polls showed the race would be close, and it turned out to be one of the closest elections in American history.
Gore won the national popular vote by overof the million votes cast, but when American voters cast ballots for president, the national popular vote has no legal significance.