The AII was established by the Australian Government in to contribute to a more broadly based and enduring relationship between Australia and Indonesia . Former Foreign Minister Gareth Evans once said, “No two neighbours anywhere in the world are as comprehensively unalike as Australia and. The bilateral relationship is underpinned by a series of regular high-level meetings. These include the Indonesia-Australia Annual Leaders'.
In addition to elevating the relationship to a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership leaders discussed a range of bilateral, regional and global issues including expanding our trade, investment and economic cooperation, efforts to fight terrorism and defeat transnational crime and the importance of working together to bolster a rule-based international order.
During the visit Australia and Indonesia also announced the successful conclusion of negotiations on the Indonesia-Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreementas well as memoranda of understanding on cyber cooperation, transportation and the creative economy.
President Widodo visited Australia for his first official state visit on 26 February Leaders acknowledged the deep historical ties between Australia and Indonesia as the foundation for a strong 21st century partnership. Leaders discussed investment and creating jobs, safeguarding our open sea lanes, cooperating to fight terrorism and deter transnational crime, and celebrating both countries diversity by building deeper community understanding of each other's societies, languages and cultures.
Former Prime Minister Turnbull previously visited Indonesia on 12 November where he met President Widodo to discuss infrastructure, trade and investment and our common interest in countering violent extremism before making one of President Widodo's famous blusukan impromptu visits to the Tanah Abang textile market in Jakarta.
Former Foreign Minister Bishop visited Indonesia 10 times. Most recently from August during which she officially opened the Consulate-General in Surabaya. Ministers welcomed the opportunity to exchange frank views on the geo-strategic shifts underway in the Indo-Pacific, recognising our shared security and prosperity is affected by developments in both the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
The meeting discussed the importance of effective maritime cooperation as a key part of Australia's joint response to the region's strategic challenges. It also considered how we can do more together in areas such as counter-terrorism and cyber security.
Read the Joint Statement. This represents the next step in boosting Australia-Indonesia maritime cooperation following the signing of the Joint Declaration in February Recent bilateral visits include: Both countries reaffirmed their commitment to strengthening bilateral relations in August by signing a Joint Understanding on the implementation of the Lombok Treaty, which provides an agreed approach to enhancing intelligence cooperation.
Australia and Indonesia also work closely on a range of common strategic interests in regional and global fora.
Cooperation on counter-terrorism Australian and Indonesian authorities have cooperated closely to detect and deter terrorist attacks in Indonesia since the Bali bombings. Once the question of sovereignty was settled, relations between Australia and Indonesia blossomed, with the appointment of ambassadors and a range of cultural and exchange visits.
Australia wanted its largest and nearest Asian neighbour to think well of it and its people. However, Australia's views were those of a conservative and relatively wealthy Western nation, and they did not sit easily with a vibrant young country newly emerged from a turbulent revolution. In ideological, cultural and geographical terms the two countries were almost opposites and this was to create misunderstanding on both sides. The Revolutionary Government, —59 Image 2: Prime Minister Menzies inspecting his guard of honour at Kemajoran Airport, The Sumatran action was quickly followed by revolt in the Celebes modern-day Sulawesiand suddenly the government on Java was feeling vulnerable, for without Sumatra and Sulawesi there would be no Indonesian Republic.
At first it seemed that Sukarno was incapable of acting, for the rebel challenge remained unanswered. Eventually, in mid, after much posturing by both sides, the central government despatched military forces to deal with the threat. Despite Western observers' contempt for the military ability of these forces, the rebels on Sumatra and Sulawesi posed no real threat and they collapsed without any serious battles being fought.
By the central government had restored its authority, albeit in a limited sense, across Indonesia. Australia was faced with a dilemma. However, recognition of, or even support for, the Revolutionary Government was fraught with danger for it could well have played into the hands of the communists and encouraged Sukarno's anti-Western rhetoric.
Australia trod warily, careful to nurture the constitutional validity of the central government, but at the same time cautious of Sukarno's wayward mood and the ability of the PKI to use the situation to its own advantage. Believing that the United States had supplied the rebels with arms, Sukarno then rejected a US proposal that marines be landed in Sumatra to protect American lives and property. The losers were parliamentary democracy, the people of the outer islands and the political parties that had procrastinated over how to deal with the rebels.Former Indonesian Ambassador Richard Woolcott slams Abbott foreign policy (ABC: 11/11/13)
Ever the opportunist, Sukarno capitalised on his new position. His problem now was playing his arch rivals, the communists and the Army, off against each other to maintain his pre-eminent position.
The beginning of 'guided democracy', —59 In the Australian Department of External Affairs assessed the Indonesian Parliament as being incapable of dealing authoritatively 'with the grave political and economic problems arising from eight years of military occupation, war and revolution'.
President Sukarno occupies a key position. As the father of the revolution, his prestige is firmly established and with the frustration and disillusionment which have resulted from the wranglings and manoeuvres of coalition governments, his importance as controller of the balance of power has increased as the reputations of others have declined. He has a remarkable understanding of the public relations technique required of a national figure and he has successfully kept Vice-President Hatta in the background.
Early that year he announced the idea of 'guided democracy', which would cut through the irrelevant Western liberal democratic debate and reach proper decisions under the guidance of an enlightened leader, namely Sukarno.
His concept was modelled on that of the Indonesian village: Although practical at the village level, it did not translate easily into running a nation deeply divided by ethnic, regional, class and religious differences. Sukarno created a national council which, apart from members of the political parties, comprised representatives from functional groups such as religious and workers' organisations and the military.
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Under Sukarno's personal guidance, this national council would come to national consensus on various matters. This innovation allowed Sukarno to bypass the political parties and, more importantly, it promoted the interests of the functional groups, particularly the military, who were soon deeply involved in managing the nationalised Dutch estates.
The creation of the national council ushered in a series of crises, including the resignation of the government, the formation of a revolutionary government in Sumatra and the seizing of Dutch assets as part of the campaign to recover 'Irian Barat' the PKI term for Netherlands New Guinea.
Despite these setbacks Sukarno pressed on with his concept of guided democracy. The nationalisation of Dutch assets fed his profligacy and Indonesia was soon on the steep and slippery slope to financial ruin.
The rise of the Partai Komunis Indonesia, —65 Image 3: As Sukarno turned to bizarre forms of mass appeal, and as he lost the confidence of conservative voters, he turned to the PKI to balance the influence of the military and the Muslims. Initially the military tolerated this situation, but as the PKI grew in strength and numbers, it began to feel threatened and started planning to combat this new menace.
By balancing one force against another, Sukarno managed to keep himself at the epicentre of power, with each group depending on his patronage for its place on the podium of public affairs.
From an Indonesian perspective it could be said that Sukarno's drift to the Left was merely redressing the balance for the PKI by allowing it the full privileges enjoyed by other political parties.
From a Western perspective, derived essentially from an American view of communism, this leftward drift was a major concern and for some a fixation. The PKI was formed in and had been closely involved with the revolutionary spirit of the Republic. But they were not trusted, and with good reason. Although it had often shared the stage of power in Indonesia, the PKI was never quite ready to play the lead role.
Its strategic timing for going on the offensive was inept. A final settlement with the Dutch had not yet been reached and the actions of the PKI were seen as both traitorous and an attempt to seize power while the central government was under great pressure. In short, it was seen as almost anti-Indonesian.
Indonesia country brief - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
The communist revolt was quickly quashed, but the PKI would not remain quiescent, for its power base was widespread and growing as the Indonesian economy declined. Sincewhen Indonesia adopted Law No.
Australia is ranked 8th in Indonesia's import list. Australian aid to Indonesia[ edit ] Indonesia is the largest recipient of Australian aidand Australia is the fourth-largest donor of foreign aid to Indonesia. For three decades, between andAustralian aid programs to Indonesia were coordinated within the international arrangements established by the Inter-Governmental Group on Indonesia and the Consultative Group on Indonesia. Numerous projects were established such as the Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunication Networka project intended to address deficiencies in Indonesia's civil aviation system.
The Australian Electoral Commission formed a partnership with Indonesia's General Elections Commission Komisi Pemilihan Umum, KPUwith the aim of improving its capacity and procedures in the lead-up to the presidential election.
Indonesian Australian The number of permanent settlers arriving in Australia from Indonesia since monthly In the Australian Census63, people listed their country of birth as Indonesia, of whom Most are employed as professional, clerical or administrative workers, or as labourers.
- Australia-Indonesia relationship
- Near Neighbours: Records on Australia's Relations with Indonesia
- Australian Outlook
Statistics Indonesia does not measure the number of Australian residents in Indonesia, however tourist arrivals indicate thatAustralians visited Indonesia in Australian residents travelling to Indonesia for less than one year, since monthly Indonesia is Australia's second-most popular tourism destination after New Zealand.
The partnership covers air, sea, rail and road transport, providing for up to 27, seats between Indonesia and Australia's main airports each week.