Registered voters cast their votes for President and Vice President. By doing so, they also help choose the electors who will represent their state in The Electors meet in their state and vote for President and Vice President on separate ballots. A set of electoral votes consists of one Certificate of Ascertainment and one. Must Electors vote for the candidate who won their state's popular vote? Can electoral votes be contested when Congress counts the votes in How do I cast my vote in this year's Presidential election? . It is up to Congress to determine what to do in the event one or more States cannot meet the statutory deadlines. The United States Electoral College is a body of electors established by the United States These electors meet in the state capitals in December to cast their electoral . Meanwhile, the president would be elected by a mixture of the two modes. Under the original plan, each elector cast two votes for president; electors.
Though still rare, electors more commonly changed their vote in the 19th century—particularly on the vote for Vice President. There has been one faithless elector in each of the following elections: A blank ballot was cast in Inseven electors broke with their state on the presidential ballot and six did so on the vice presidential ballot.
Procedure Since the midth century, on January 6 at 1: He passes the votes to four tellers—two from the House and two from the Senate—who announce the results. House tellers include one Representative from each party and are appointed by the Speaker. At the end of the count, the Vice President then declares the name of the next President. The date of the count was changed in,and Sitting Vice Presidents John C.
How Does the Electoral College Work? | senshido.info
BreckinridgeRichard NixonHubert Humphreyand Al Gore all announced that they had lost their own bid for the Presidency. Objections Since3 U. During the Joint Session, Members of Congress may object to individual electoral votes or to state returns as a whole. An objection must be declared in writing and signed by at least one Representative and one Senator.
In the case of an objection, the Joint Session recesses and each chamber considers the objection separately in a session which cannot last more than two hours with each Member speaking for no more than five minutes.
After each house votes on whether or not to accept the objection, the Joint Session reconvenes and both chambers disclose their decisions.
United States Electoral College - Wikipedia
If they agree to the objection, the votes in question are not counted. If either chamber does not agree with the objection, the votes are counted. Objections to the Electoral College votes were recorded in and In both cases, the House and Senate rejected the objections and the votes in question were counted. Amending the Process Originally, the Electoral College provided the Constitutional Convention with a compromise between the popular election of the President and congressional selection.
Representatives which may change each decade according to the size of each State's population as determined in the Census.
The political parties or independent candidates in each State submit to the State's chief election official a list of individuals pledged to their candidate for president and equal in number to the State's electoral vote.
Usually, the major political parties select these individuals either in their State party conventions or through appointment by their State party leaders while third parties and independent candidates merely designate theirs. Members of Congress and employees of the federal government are prohibited from serving as an Elector in order to maintain the balance between the legislative and executive branches of the federal government.
After their caucuses and primaries, the major parties nominate their candidates for president and vice president in their national conventions traditionally held in the summer preceding the election. Third parties and independent candidates follow different procedures according to the individual State laws.
United States Electoral College
The names of the duly nominated candidates are then officially submitted to each State's chief election official so that they might appear on the general election ballot.
On the Tuesday following the first Monday of November in years divisible by four, the people in each State cast their ballots for the party slate of Electors representing their choice for president and vice president although as a matter of practice, general election ballots normally say "Electors for" each set of candidates rather than list the individual Electors on each slate.
Whichever party slate wins the most popular votes in the State becomes that State's Electors-so that, in effect, whichever presidential ticket gets the most popular votes in a State wins all the Electors of that State. On the Monday following the second Wednesday of December as established in federal law each State's Electors meet in their respective State capitals and cast their electoral votes-one for president and one for vice president.
In order to prevent Electors from voting only for "favorite sons" of their home State, at least one of their votes must be for a person from outside their State though this is seldom a problem since the parties have consistently nominated presidential and vice presidential candidates from different States.
The electoral votes are then sealed and transmitted from each State to the President of the Senate who, on the following January 6, opens and reads them before both houses of the Congress.
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The candidate for president with the most electoral votes, provided that it is an absolute majority one over half of the totalis declared president.