Oh, East is East, and West is West, and never the twain shall meet, I find more meaning in this than in all the petty pieties we mouth today about diversity and. OH, East is East, and West is West, and never the twain shall meet,. Till Earth and Sky stand presently at God's great Judgment Seat;. But there is neither East. "Oh, East is East, and West is West, And never the twain shall meet, word " Sindhu," meaning "large body of trembling water," as the river cascaded from the .
Most of the women to save their honor burnt themselves to death. Those captured were distributed among Muslim Mansabdars Noblemen. Yale President Ezra Stiles wrote May 8, Indifferent to the great cause of right and liberty He offered rewards for Sikh scalps. Hundreds of Sikhs were brought to the horse market in Lahore and executed, resulting in the market being named "Shahidganj"--"the place of the martyred.
I have debarred them from all occupations They do not farm, nor are they allowed to do business or join public employment. I have stopped all offerings to their Gurdwaras.
The Ballad of East and West
No provisions or supplies are accessible to them. Why do they not die of sheer starvation? He had a special military unit of soldiers whose job it was to hunt down Sikhs. An eye witness reported: They ran after these wretches up to 67 kilometers 42 mi a day and slew them wherever they stood up to oppose them.
The meaning and origin of the expression: Never the twain shall meet
Anybody who brought a Sikh head received a reward of ten rupees per head Sikhs who were captured alive were sent to hell by being beaten with wooden mallets. They were as a rule killed with the strokes of wooden hammers. As their children, hungry and thirsty, wailed and writhed on the ground for a morsel, the helpless prisoners in the clutches of the tyrants could do little except solace them with their affection.
Wearied from crying, the hungry children would at last go to sleep. The chronicle Tarikh-I-Alamgiri recorded: Every horseman had loaded up all his horses with the plundered property, and atop of it rode the girl-captives and the slaves. The severed heads were tied up in rugs like bundles of grain and placed on the heads of the captives Then the heads were stuck upon lances and taken to the gate of the chief minister for payment. It was an extraordinary display! Daily did this manner of slaughter and plundering proceed.
And at night the shrieks of the women captives who were being raped, deafened the ears of the people All those heads that had been cut off were built into pillars, and the captive men upon whose heads those bloody bundles had been brought in, were made to grind corn, and then their heads too were cut off.
These things went on all the way to the city of Agra, nor was any part of the country spared. Francois Gautier wrote in Rewriting Indian History These were eventually driven out by the British.
The British East India Company was founded in and traded in valuable commodities such as tea, cotton, silk, indigo blue dye, salt, saltpetre needed for gunpowder and opium, which they forcibly imported into China, causing the Opium Wars. The British East India Company strategically fanned hostilities between various Indian kingdoms, supplying them with arms and ammunition.
The Ballad of East and West - Wikipedia
After the kingdoms were devastated, the British East India Company could conquer both sides. This tactic was repeated till they controlled most of India by The son offers a pistol to Kamal as a return gift between friends, which Kamal accepts. Kamal then commands his only son to protect the Colonel's son on his return journey and to serve valiantly under him for the British Rajeven if he has to fight against Kamal "for the peace of the border-line".
Kamal foretells his own death by hanging, and the promotion of his son to a high rank in the cavalry. The Colonel's son and Kamal's son swear blood brotherhood. The two young men ride back to the British fort, where Kamal's son is greeted with hostility by the guards.
The Colonel's son admonishes them that his companion is now no longer a border thief, but a fellow soldier.
Critical analysis[ edit ] Its first line is often quoted, sometimes to ascribe racism to Kipling, particularly in regard to the British Empire.
'Never the twain shall meet' - the meaning and origin of this phrase
The full refrain, with which the poem opens and closes, includes a contradiction of the opening line. This may be read as saying that 'it is indisputable that geographic points of the compass will never meet in this life, but that when two strong men [or equals] meet, the accidents of birth, whether of nationality, race, or family, do not matter at all—the mutual respect such individuals have, each for the character, prowess, and integrity of the other, are their only criteria for judging and accepting one another.
Any differences in ethnicity between such individuals are never even considered. The poem is written in the style of a border ballad. It is printed as rhyming heptameterstwo of which are equivalent to a ballad stanza ; some texts print these in quatrains groups of four lines.
The vocabulary, stock phrases and rhythms are reminiscent of the old ballads, and the culture described is not unlike that of the Border Reivers: Sir Patrick Spens"Then up and spoke the [Colonel's son] that led a [troop of the Guides ]", with a traditional driving rhythm.