Wood and Termites - A Long Term Relationship
The Relationship Between Termites And Dinosaurs dinosaur most likely slurped termites out of dead rotting wood located on the forest floor. termites can locate a building pretty quickly, too. They seem to sense wood beyond the forest, which unfortunately includes the wood of your home. Termites depend upon the microbes in their gut or digestive tract to digest the sugar in wood and it is broken down in the hindgut of the termite by microbes into often beneficial to both partners and so are called a mutualistic relationship.
Termites are important decomposers of wood.
Termites, like most plants and animals, are composite organisms. The protist at left is just "one" of hundreds of thousands of microbes that live symbiotically within the termites digestive tract, and it is actually composed of at least 5 different organisms. The "hair-like" projections are actually several different species of spirochete and bacillus bacteria that seem to function in movement.
Still other bacteria live within the protist cell, releasing energy from the food that it absorbs while other bacteria produce the enzymes necessary for digestion of the cellulose and lignin fibers that are the main components of wood.
Within the termite live multitudes.
Relationship Between Termites And Dinosaurs | Termite Boys
Some bacteria within a termite's digestive tract are involved in recycling the termite's wastes. Like all insects, termites eliminate toxic nitrogen containing wastes in the form of uric acid. Some of these bacteria actually breakdown the uric acid wastes and release the nitrogen back into the termite's "blood" in the form of readily usable amino acids.
Recently, archeologists unearthed a fossilized dinosaur specimen that possessed arms that were tiny even for theropods. This theropod dinosaur belongs to a group known as Alvarezsaurids, which were long-legged dinosaurs with tiny nub-like arms.
- The Relationship Between Termites And Dinosaurs
However, the new unearthed Alvarezsaurid dinosaur, which has been named Albertonykus borealis, has arms that are outfitted with talons. This finding has led researchers to hypothesize that Albertonykus borealis used these talons to break open termite mounds.
The claws look similar to the claws that modern anteaters and pangolins possess, and these animals use their claws to rip open durable termite mounds in order to feast. In order to test this hypothesis, researchers excavated soil in a region where Albertonykus borealis once inhabited. During the excavation, researchers failed to locate fossilized termite mounds, indicating that mound-building termites probably did not inhabit the region.
Termite gut microbes | NOLL LAB
Alate males and females pair up together and then land in search of a suitable place for a colony. When they do, they excavate a chamber big enough for both, close up the entrance and proceed to mate.
Nuptial flight time varies in each species.
For example, alates in certain species emerge during the day in summer while others emerge during the winter. The time when nuptial flight begins depends on the environmental conditions, the time of day, moisture, wind speed and precipitation. However, some termite colonies, including those with large individuals, can number in the millions.
In some species, the mature queen has a greatly distended abdomen and may produce 40, eggs a day. These supplementary reproductives only mature into primary reproductives upon the death of a king or queen, or when the primary reproductives are separated from the colony. Studies show that while termite queens mate with the king to produce colony workers, the queens reproduce their replacements neotenic queens parthenogenetically.
Behaviour and ecology[ edit ] Diet[ edit ] Termite faecal pellets Termites are detritivoresconsuming dead plants at any level of decomposition.
Wood and Termites – A Long Term Relationship
They also play a vital role in the ecosystem by recycling waste material such as dead wood, faeces and plants. Most higher termites, especially in the family Termitidae, can produce their own cellulase enzymes, but they rely primarily upon the bacteria.
The flagellates have been lost in Termitidae. For example, they may preferentially consume Red three-awn Aristida longiseta during the summer, Buffalograss Buchloe dactyloides from May to August, and blue grama Bouteloua gracilis during spring, summer and autumn.