What is Pentecost, and what does it have to do with Shavuot? | Deseret News
This weekend marks the holy days of Pentecost and Shavuot, two of the Some Jewish writers have compared the exchange to a marriage or. Shavuot as celebrated by Jews around the world is a superb demonstration In contrast with Pesach and Succot, the Torah does not link it to any particular We can search for hints in “external” sources from ancient times. Shavuot, which they call by its Greek name Pentecost (πεντηκοστύς pentēkostus. The Bible describes Shavuot as being an agricultural holiday—an occasion to present the first of the crops to God. The connection is natural. . Peter quotes King David's words in Psalm 16, when he spoke of a coming Messiah who would .
On the 15th day of the first month Nissan the Passover occurs in the evening and the Israelites depart in the morning still the 15th day.
At the end of the second month we have now accounted for 44 days.
What Are Pentecost and Shavuot? 10 Things Christians Should Know - Bible Study
As we enter the third month we start with the 45th day. This is the 46th day. In verses ,14 he descends. This is the 47th day. The Lord then promises to come to the Israelites and appears after three days. We also know this from the Book of Leviticus: So 50 days after the Passover Shavout occurs when God revealed the Law. This is always to be recognized by the people of Israel. The reason is found in the Book of Joshua: Then you will be prosperous and successful.
Greenery also figures in the story of the baby Moses being found among the bulrushes in a watertight cradle Ex.
What is Pentecost, and what does it have to do with Shavuot?
Some Eastern Sephardi communities actually read out a ketubah between God and Israel, composed by Rabbi Israel Najara as part of the service. This custom was also adopted by some Hasidic communities, particularly from Hungary. They overslept and Moses had to wake them up because God was already waiting on the mountaintop. During one of those study sessions, an angel appeared and taught them Jewish law.
People may learn alone or with a chavruta study partneror attend late-night shiurim lectures and study groups. OverJews came to see and pray at the site that had been off-limits to them since The custom of walking to the Western Wall on Shavuot has continued every year since.
The Tikkun Leil Shavuot "Rectification for Shavuot Night" consists of excerpts from the beginning and end of each of the 24 books of Tanakh including the reading in full of several key sections such as the account of the days of creationThe Exodusthe giving of the Ten Commandments and the Shema and the 63 books of Mishnah,   followed by the reading of Sefer Yetzirahthe commandments as enumerated by Maimonidesand excerpts from the Zoharwith opening and concluding prayers.
The whole reading is divided into thirteen parts, after each of which a Kaddish di-Rabbanan is recited when the Tikkun is studied with a minyan. This service is held in most communities, with the notable exception of Spanish and Portuguese Jews. The service is printed in a special book, itself also called Tikkun Leil Shavuot.
Confirmation ceremonies[ edit ] In the 19th century, several Orthodox synagogues in Britain and Australia held confirmation ceremonies for year-old girls on Shavuot, a precursor to the modern Bat Mitzvah. The graduating class stands in front of an open arkrecalling the standing of the Israelites at Mount Sinai for the giving of the Torah.
What Are Pentecost and Shavuot? 10 Things Christians Should Know
These discussions center around two ways of looking at Shavuot: Jose holds that it was given on the seventh of that month. According to the classical timeline, the Israelites arrived at the wilderness of Sinai on the new moon Ex. The question of whether the new moon fell on Sunday or Monday is undecided Talmud, tractate Shabbat 86b.
In practice, Shavuot is observed on the sixth day of Sivan in Israel  and a second day is added in the Jewish diaspora in keeping with a separate rabbinical ruling that applies to all biblical holidays, called Yom tov sheni shel galuyotSecond-Day Yom Tov in the Diaspora.
It should begin "on the morrow after the Shabbat ", and continue to be counted for seven Sabbaths. The Talmudic Sages determined that "Shabbat" here means a day of rest and refers to the first day of Passover. Thus, the counting of the Omer begins on the second day of Passover and continues for the next 49 days, or seven complete weeks, ending on the day before Shavuot.
In the course of the traditional observance, Y'shua alluded to his impending death. And shortly after the seder, Y'shua was arrested on several charges and then crucified. Y'shua had, for some time, expected this to happen. He knew that his death was to be the ultimate Passover sacrifice. Early on in his public ministry, he was called "the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.
It was a stunning and shocking event. It was unexpected by all—except Jesus. The narrative recounts his appearances in this resurrected state until "he was received up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God" Luke The chronicles of Y'shua's followers continue in the Book of Acts.
As observant Jews, Jesus' disciples had celebrated Passover with him in Jerusalem. Now fifty days after Passoverthey observed Shavuot without him physically present.
The writer of Acts describes the Jerusalem crowd on Shavuot: They came from as far away as what today would be Iran, Turkey and North Africa. Each spoke his own language. And among the rabbinic traditions for the feast known at that time was the following: The ten commandments were promulgated with a single sound, yet it says, "All the people perceived the voices" Exodus Not only did the nations of the world number seventy in most of these stories, but the Torah was given to all the nations in their native languages.
According to the narrative, Jesus' disciples were gathered in a home when a strange, windlike sound filled the air.
At the same time, an extraordinary thing happened. Tongues of fire appeared to lap at their heads, they "were filled with the Holy Spirit" and they began speaking in languages other than their own.
This caused a crowd to gather, as Jewish people from different nations heard their own languages spoken.
They were amazed that a group of Aramaic-speaking Galilean Jews could suddenly show such linguistic fluency. Others apparently thought that they were drunk, but one of the disciples, Peter, retorted that it was only nine in the morning, too early for the bars to be open!
Then Peter addressed the crowd in the common language of Aramaic. Or, perhaps was what he had to say of such importance that he was still being heard in each nation's own language? The narrative does not say. If this Shavuot scenario resembled the rabbinic stories of Mount Sinai and the Giving of the Law, so was Peter's choice of topic. Apparently Peter was acquainted with the tradition that King David was born and died on Shavuot because he chose that day to speak on the death of David and the resurrection of Y'shua.
Peter described Jesus as a man unlike other men whose credentials included his miracles and wonders. Peter went on to say that most of the people didn't accept him, and he was crucified. However, Peter pointed out that death was not the end of the story. He told the crowd that God raised Jesus from the dead, in contrast to King David who "is both dead and buried, and his tomb is here to this day.
Peter quotes King David's words in Psalm 16, when he spoke of a coming Messiah who would die and be raised to life. He rejoiced that he would not be relegated to Hades, nor would the Messiah see corruption.
This was fulfilled, Peter explained, in the resurrection of Y'shua, who was a descendant of David. Resurrection at the end of time was not a new concept to Peter's audience.