A glimmer of hope dims in India-Pakistan relations - The National
India-Pakistan relations comprise seven decades of mutual hostility, conflict and fleeting possibilities for improved ties. The conventional. The book Spy Chronicles: RAW, ISI and the illusion of Peace, co-authored by two former intelligence chiefs — A.S. Dulat of India's Research. Under the auspices of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Pakistan and India are participating in six days of anti-terrorism.
India has disputes with all of its neighboring countries and any increase in the defense budget may be a direct threat to neighboring states. The US is extending economic assistance and defense support to India to contain China, but India may not use its strength against China, but more likely against its smaller neighbors. The US is providing India with the latest technologies, the latest weapons, and India has become the largest beneficiary of the US after Israel.
India is also collaborating with Israel closely in defense and economic matters. India is facing serious domestic issues, especially with its lower castes and minorities. Women are the worst victims. The number of rape cases is growing. Homeless people, street children, lack of clean drinking water and toilet facilities, and malnutrition are major domestic challenges.
Human-rights violations are widespread. Uprisings in Punjab, Bihar, Kashmir and Nagaland are gaining momentum.
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Pakistan is a peace-loving nation and would like to offer all possible options to India to change its mindset and move forward for peace. It has made such proposals to India in the past, and the new government is also offering to normalize relations with India.
We Pakistanis believe in diplomacy and dialogue. India, from the point of the ratification and constitution, begins to refer to Jammu and Kashmir as an integral part of the Indian union. The specific contents of those talks have not yet been declassified, but no agreement was reached. In the talks, "Pakistan signified willingness to consider approaches other than a plebiscite and India recognised that the status of Kashmir was in dispute and territorial adjustments might be necessary," according to a declassified US state department memo dated January 27, The conflict begins after a clash between border patrols in April in the Rann of Kutch in the Indian state of Gujaratbut escalates on August 5, when between 26, and 33, Pakistani soldiers cross the ceasefire line dressed as Kashmiri locals, crossing into Indian-administered Kashmir.
A glimmer of hope dims in India-Pakistan relations
The largest engagement of the war takes place in the Sialkot sector, where between and tanks square off in an inconclusive battle. By September 22, both sides agree to a UN mandated ceasefire, ending the war that had by that point reached a stalemate, with both sides holding some of the other's territory.
The conflict begins when the central Pakistani government in West Pakistan, led by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, refuses to allow Awami League leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, a Bengali whose party won the majority of seats in the parliamentary elections, to assume the premiership. A Pakistani military crackdown on Dhaka begins in March, but India becomes involved in the conflict in December, after the Pakistani air force launches a pre-emptive strike on airfields in India's northwest.
India then launches a coordinated land, air and sea assault on East Pakistan. The Pakistani army surrenders at Dhaka, and its army of more than 90, become prisoners of war.
Hostilities lasted 13 days, making this one of the shortest wars in modern history. East Pakistan becomes the independent country of Bangladesh on December 6, Click here for more on the Kashmir conflict - Pakistani Prime Minister Zulifiqar Ali Bhutto and Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi sign an agreement in the Indian town of Simla, in which both countries agree to "put an end to the conflict and confrontation that have hitherto marred their relations and work for the promotion of a friendly and harmonious relationship and the establishment of a durable peace in the subcontinent".
Both sides agree to settle any disputes "by peaceful means". The Simla Agreement designates the ceasefire line of December 17,as being the new "Line-of-Control LoC " between the two countries, which neither side is to seek to alter unilaterally, and which "shall be respected by both sides without prejudice to the recognised position of either side". Pakistan rejects the accord with the Indian government.
India refers to the device as a "peaceful nuclear explosive". These include "nuclear power and research reactors, fuel fabrication, uranium enrichment, isotopes separation and reprocessing facilities as well as any other installations with fresh or irradiated nuclear fuel and materials in any form and establishments storing significant quantities of radio-active materials". Both sides agree to share information on the latitudes and longitudes of all nuclear installations. This agreement is later ratified, and the two countries share information on January 1 each year since then.
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Muslim political parties, after accusing the state government of rigging the state legislative elections, form militant wings. The fact is that even if structured and comprehensive bilateral dialogue is resumed, progress on the issue of Jammu and Kashmir will be extremely difficult to achieve.
India is the bigger party that is unwilling to alter the territorial status quo in a way that could provide a basis for an eventual settlement acceptable to the Kashmiri people. Nevertheless, even without territorial change, significant progress towards an interim arrangement was made in through backchannel talks.
However, because of domestic developments in both countries and particularly since the Mumbai attacks ofIndia has become more obdurate than ever. How do we move forward? Confrontation and zero-sum games with India do not help.
For this to happen, a leadership of vision, integrity and tenacity will be required to educate and inform the public about prevailing realities, and to face opposition and accusations, especially in the likely event of an initial lack of Indian reciprocity. Ultimately, international support for a principled settlement acceptable to Kashmiris, Pakistanis and Indians will require India to respond more positively.
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It still may not.