How to Apply Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs to Education | Synonym
1 APPLICATION OF MASLOW'S HIERARCHY NEEDS TO EDUCATION Table of .. Personal relationships with friends, family, and lovers play an important role. Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology anticipated by Abraham assumptions and experience that are acquired through learning, socializing . in relation to the hierarchy of needs theory where the stages in the pyramid of. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs is a popular motivation theory that is widely referred to in Though once they enter our school, we have the opportunity to assess student needs and then Do they have strong relationships with their peers?.
At times it can be confusing to apply theory into the practical realities of a classroom. So let's talk specifics. We may have a limited influence on the home lives of our students. Though once they enter our school, we have the opportunity to assess student needs and then work to adapt our instruction to meet their needs. Below are the general stages in order and descriptions of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Are any students entering our classroom without their Physiological needs met? Is this student getting all of their basic physical needs met?
These basic needs include food, water, sleep, oxygen, and warmth.
If all students have these needs met, the next stage is Safety. How safe and secure does this student feel in their home?
What about in our school, and specifically in our classroom? Does each student feel that they belong to a group? Do they have strong relationships with their peers? The next stage is Esteem. Transcendence needs - A person is motivated by values which transcend beyond the personal self e. Self-actualization Instead of focusing on psychopathology and what goes wrong with people, Maslow formulated a more positive account of human behavior which focused on what goes right.
How to Apply Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs to Education
He was interested in human potential, and how we fulfill that potential. Psychologist Abraham Maslowstated that human motivation is based on people seeking fulfillment and change through personal growth. Self-actualized people are those who were fulfilled and doing all they were capable of.
For Maslow, a person is always 'becoming' and never remains static in these terms. In self-actualization, a person comes to find a meaning to life that is important to them. As each individual is unique, the motivation for self-actualization leads people in different directions Kenrick et al. For some people self-actualization can be achieved through creating works of art or literature, for others through sport, in the classroom, or within a corporate setting.
Maslow believed self-actualization could be measured through the concept of peak experiences. This occurs when a person experiences the world totally for what it is, and there are feelings of euphoria, joy, and wonder. It is important to note that self-actualization is a continual process of becoming rather than a perfect state one reaches of a 'happy ever after' Hoffman, Maslow offers the following description of self-actualization: The specific form that these needs will take will of course vary greatly from person to person.
In one individual it may take the form of the desire to be an ideal mother, in another it may be expressed athletically, and in still another it may be expressed in painting pictures or in inventions' Maslow,p. Characteristics of self-actualized people Although we are all, theoretically, capable of self-actualizing, most of us will not do so, or only to a limited degree.
Maslow estimated that only two percent of people would reach the state of self-actualization. He was especially interested in the characteristics of people whom he considered to have achieved their potential as individuals.
By studying 18 people he considered to be self-actualized including Abraham Lincoln and Albert Einstein Maslow identified 15 characteristics of a self-actualized person. They perceive reality efficiently and can tolerate uncertainty; 2. Accept themselves and others for what they are; 3. Spontaneous in thought and action; 4. Problem-centered not self-centered ; 5.
Unusual sense of humor; 6. When most psychologists focused aspects of human nature that were considered abnormal, Abraham Maslow shifted to focus to look at the positive sides of mental health.
- Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
His interest in human potential, seeking peak experiences and improving mental health by seeking personal growth had a lasting influence on psychology. Humanistic psychologists look at human behavior not only through the eyes of the observer, but through the eyes of the person doing the behaving.
Humanistic people believe that an individual's behavior is connected to their inner feelings and self-concept. Humanistic psychology was instead focused on each individual's potential and stressed the importance of growth and self-actualization.
The fundamental belief of humanistic psychology is that people are innately good and that mental and social problems result from deviations from this natural tendency. Weaknesses of Humanism Humanistic psychology is often seen as too subjective; the importance of individual experience makes it difficult to objectively study and measure humanistic phenomena. How can we objectively tell if someone is self-actualized?
The answer, of course, is that we cannot. We can only rely upon the individual's own assessment of their experience. Another major criticism is that observations are unverifiable; there is no accurate way to measure or quantify these qualities. Strengths of Humanism One of the major strengths of humanistic psychology is that it emphasizes the role of the individual.
This school of psychology gives people more credit in controlling and determining their state of mental health. Rather than focusing solely on our internal thoughts and desires, humanistic psychology also credits the environment's influence on our experiences. Humanistic psychology continues to influence therapy, education, healthcare and other areas. Humanistic psychology helped remove some of the stigma attached to therapy and made it more acceptable for normal, healthy individuals to explore their abilities and potential through therapy Cherry, Cognitive needs knowledge, meaning, self-awareness Esteem needs achievement, status, responsibility, reputation Belongingness and Love needs Safety needs Biological and Physiological needs basic life needs - air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc.
Biological and Physiological needs For we can mention these needs, we must know what they mean. Firstly, biological and physiological needs include anything of fundamental requirements that a person has. For example; breathing, excretion, food, water and sleep etc. Safety needs We can move on another layer that is safety after physiological needs of us are met.
Security needs are important for survival, but they are not as demanding as the physiological needs. Belongingness and Love needs In addition; in order to avoid problems such as loneliness, depression, and anxiety, it is important for people to feel loved and accepted by other people.
Personal relationships with friends, family, and lovers play an important role, as doing involvement in other groups that might include religious groups, sports teams, book clubs, and other group activities.
Esteem needs Another layer is esteem needs.
Applying Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs In Our Classrooms
The esteem needs based on desires for appreciation and respect, begin to motivate behavior. Thomas says that without properly meeting esteem need, we are filled with feelings of inferiority and negativity regarding our lives, which is depicted in the fourth stage of Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
That is; esteem needs include issues of personal worth, social recognition, accomplishment, and self-esteem. Cognitive needs When we take a look at the fifth one, we can see cognitive needs.
Maslow believed that humans have the need to increase their intelligence and thereby chase knowledge. Cognitive needs is the expression of the natural human need to learn, explore, discover and create to get a better understanding of the world around them. Gautaam states, this growth need for self-actualization and learning, when not fulfilled leads to confusion and identity crisis.
Also, this is directly related to need to explore or the openness to experience. Humans need to refresh themselves in the presence and beauty of nature while carefully absorbing and observing their surroundings to extract the beauty that the world has to offer. Bamuhigire says that the state of being without a system of values is psychopathogenic, we are learning. The human being needs a framework of values, a philosophy of life, a religion or religion-surrogate to live by and understand by, in about the same sense he needs sunlight, calcium or love.
This I have called the "cognitive need to understand. Historically, we are in a value interregnum in which all externally given value systems have proven failures political, economic, religious, etc.
What man needs but doesn't have, he seeks for unceasingly, and he becomes dangerously ready to jump at any hope, good or bad. The cure for this disease is obvious. We need a validated, usable system of human values that we can believe in and devote ourselves to be willing to die forbecause they are true rather than because we are exhorted to "believe and have faith.
These variations may include the quest for knowledge, understanding, peace, self-fulfillment, meaning in life, or beauty. For instance, the aesthetic person operating on this level may feel physically ill when driving past an ugly array of fast-food restaurants with garish neon signs.
But the need for beauty is neither higher nor lower than the other needs at the top of the pyramid. To become self-actualized, Maslow said we need two things, inner exploration and action. An important existential problem is posed by the fact that self-actualizing persons and all people in their peak- experiences occasionally live out-of-time and out-of-the- world even though mostly they must live in the outer world.
Living in the inner psychic world which is ruled by psychic laws and not by the laws of outer-realityi. He could, after all, live in other kinds of worlds, as any science fiction fan knows.
The person who is not afraid of this inner, psychic world, can enjoy it to such an extent that it may be called Heaven by contrast with the more effortful, fatiguing, externally responsible world of "reality," of striving and coping, of right and wrong, of truth and falsehood.
This is true even though the healthier person can also adapt more easily and enjoyably to the "real" world, and has better "reality testing," i.
Transcendence Self-actualizing people have many such peak experiences and eventually feel inspired to actively seek them, extend them and stabilize them. Hence, Maslow added the goal of self- transcendence as the final level, the capstone of the pyramid. The desire is to go beyond our ordinary human level of consciousness and experience oneness with the greater whole, the higher truth, whatever that may be.
Adults have accumulated life experiences.