Martin Buber's I and Thou
Martin Buber was born in Vienna in and died in differs: in the I- Thou it appears only within the context of the relationship and cannot be viewed. I-Thou, theological doctrine of the full, direct, mutual relation between beings, as conceived by Martin Buber and some other 20th-century philosophers. I won't be doing true or full justice to this question in my limited and relatively brief answer. But essentially & simply, the I-Thou relationship is that in which the full.
I and Thou
Rather Thou refers to the presence of uniqueness and wholeness in a person that is the outcome of genuine listening and responding. The I —Thou relationship is a two sided affair, when both the individuals enter into the conversation with their unique whole being.
The relationship is reciprocal, yielding, momentary, leads to clarity and lacks permanency. I —Thou establishes a world of relation and is always in the present, that which is happening an event. I —Thou relationships occur during relations with nature, humans or with spiritual beings.
I - Thou Relationship of Martin Buber
It arises both at moments of genuine dialogue or indifference. For example, it takes place when the eyes of two strangers meet on the bus before one gets off at his stop. An I —Thou relationship makes one completely human by building up our wholeness and encompasses a world of personal acquaintance.
In this relationship there is close bonding that emerges from a natural association. This is the realm of freedom. Here You alone is impossible. It regards others as objects with which one interacts to gain knowledge or experience. The focus is on conceptualizing, manipulating and accumulating things. The relationship is one—sided, there is control and occurs in space and time. I—It establishes a world of experience and is rooted in the past.
In It, a human can feel something, imagine something or want something from the object. For example, I sit on a chair because it gives me rest, I buy milk from him because he sells milk, and she sells me the book because I would like to read it. He, she and it are serving my needs and therefore I use them. The other is objectified.
An I —It relationship provides a number of practical benefits in our lives and encompasses a world of first-hand knowledge. No objects of thought intervene between I and Thou. Thus, I-Thou is not a means to some object or goal, but is an ultimate relation involving the whole being of each subject.
Love, as a relation between I and Thou, is a subject-to-subject relation. Buber claims that love is not a relation of subject-to-object. Love is an I-Thou relation in which subjects share this unity of being.
Love is also a relation in which I and Thou share a sense of caring, respect, commitment, and responsibility. Buber argues that, although the I-Thou relation is an ideal relation, the I-It relation is an inescapable relation by which the world is viewed as consisting of knowable objects or things.
The I-It relation is the means by which the world is analyzed and described. However, the I-It relation may become an I-Thou relation, and in the I-Thou relation we can interact with the world in its whole being.
I-Thou | philosophical doctrine | senshido.info
I-Thou is a relation in which I and Thou have a shared reality. Buber contends that the I which has no Thou has a reality which is less complete than that of the I in the I-and-Thou.
The more that I-and-Thou share their reality, the more complete is their reality. According to Buber, God is the eternal Thou. God is the Thou who sustains the I-Thou relation eternally. In the I-Thou relation between the individual and God, there is a unity of being in which the individual can always find God. In the I-Thou relation, there is no barrier of other relations which separate the individual from God, and thus the individual can speak directly to God.
The eternal Thou is not an object of experience, and is not an object of thought. The eternal Thou is not something which can be investigated or examined. The eternal Thou is not a knowable object.
However, the eternal Thou can be known as the absolute Person who gives unity to all being.