Gypsy Music: an overview by Michal Shapiro
Cosmin Minea Hungarian and Romanian Gypsy Music at the 19th Century . of folk music emerged in the 18th century, its relation to “national” music, to the. Gypsies have lived harmoniously in Hungary for five centuries. . Since the arrival of the gypsies from India via the Middle East in the 15th century, relations have rarely But in Bulgaria and Romania, too, countries where they have lived in was at the heart of what the world considered Hungarian music. Romani people in Hungary are Hungarian citizens of Romani descent. According to the Next, the financial accounts of the town of Brassó (now Brașov in Romania) . Hungarian Romani music group Kalyi Jag in concert in Warsaw diluted Indian biological connection to the extent that for some Romanian groups, .
I will be dealing strictly with impressions, popular perceptions and considerations that are unspecialised.
Romani people in Hungary
In my paper I will also try to avoid making sometimes easy references or parallels with the contemporary heated debates about Gypsies or Romani in Western Europe. The 19th Century Phenomenon of Gypsy Music The music performed by gypsy bands was the most popular genre in 19th century Hungary and Romania. Considered national music, it was listen virtually everywhere: University of Rochester Press, Oper im Wandel der Gesellschaft: Schneider talks about the former landowners, now civil servants in the cities who formed the gentry, the upper strata of the society that assumed the role of defining and representing the Hungarian nation, including its national music.
Speteanu, Schneider, Bartok, Hungary, and the Renewal of Tradition: Case Studies in the Intersection of Modernity and Nationality.
Zoltan And His Gypsy Ensemble - Gypsy Music From Hungary And Romania - senshido.info Music
University of California Press, Oxford University Press, Emerging Categories from Ossian to Wagner, Cambridge: It is known that Johan Strauss Jr. Franz Liszt held the typical romanticized view on the gypsies and their music.
His book Des Bohemien et des leur musique en Hongrie published in in Paris and with another edition in proved to be a valuable source of inspiration for the Western commentators. Northeastern University Press, Cork University Press, University of California Press, Investing the musicians with almost supernatural abilities was an easy way to promote them to the great public.
- Romani music
On hearing this Liszt was marveled and exclaimed: For God made you an artist and you are greater than me! Michel Levy Freres, In the interwar period many authors took up the story, like C. The Gypsy Bands at the Universal Exhibitions of and The great success of the Gypsy folk music was closely connected with the atmosphere and the expectations the audience had at the Universal Exhibitions.
This kind of events were places meant to promote the new modern, industrial world with all its technological achievements on the one hand but also the other, exotic cultures and civilizations, strange or curious habits, new and unseen architecture, tools, clothes or music. The first is the use of three voices or parts: The second is syncopation, where the music starts right after a beat while maintaining a consistent rhythm.
The third is having the music played in different phrases, meaning that the entrance and exit of different musical themes are felt at different times throughout a song either through rhythm or instruments. The fourth is harmony, where a minor chord is used instead of a major chord. The last is singing, where natural vocal abilities are emphasized. Roma would perform with non-Roma as entertainers in any aspect of performance.
Eventually, as organized religion gained traction, performance became less emphasized and sometimes prohibited for non-Roma populations, so Roma filled all professional entertainment spots.
They also performed at life events such as weddings, baptisms, funerals and circumcisions.
Romani people in Romania
Because there is no one nation state for Romani, they were often forced to create their own living spaces within the countries they settled. Musical and cultural influences were taken from the countries where they lived and incorporated into their own music such as instruments, languages and subject matter of the music itself. Some songs incorporate the Romani language. In its turn, Romani music has greatly influenced the local music.Gypsy Songs from Hungary
Among these the Hungarian versions have become best known, although examples of Romani music in other countries also endure. Spain[ edit ] The Romani people of Spain Gitanos have contributed significantly to the Andalusian musical tradition known as flamenco.
Try playing this stuff for a jazz musician and watch the fun when they try to figure out where "one" is! The music goes by at a dizzying pace, racing through irregular meters, and the playing is invariably fleet-fingered. The best known player here in the West is Ivo Papasov, whose recordings on Hannibal led to tours worldwide as well as appearances on network television.
The highest concentration of Roma in Greece is in Epirus. However, finding Greek Rom music is a touchy business. The status of the Gypsies is so low that even though there are well known Rom players in Greece, and the US it is very rare to find one that will officially admit being one. Roma are often referred to as "blacks" all over Europe, calling to mind many interesting parallels between the history of the Roma in Europe and the Africans in America.
This prejudice runs extremely deep, so even if you ask the proprietor in a Greek music store, you may not get a straight answer. The clarinettist Yiorgos Mangas has several releases out, and seems to be one of the only Rom musicians willing to declare himself.
Barbaros Erkose review This stigma seems to lessen in Turkey, and you should have no trouble identifying recordings of Roma, particularly cifteteli, or belly dance music, should you have a savvy world music buyer in your local import store.
If you are going to a large chain store, bands like Istanbul Oriental Ensemble or the Erkose brothers are Roma, and their CDs are widely available.