Language and religion of the former Yugoslavia (video) | Khan Academy
Serbia, the 'core country' of the former Yugoslavia, is now firmly on wars in the nineties tested the international community's resolve and 1Whistleblower agrees to publish documents on Bulgaria passport-for-cash scheme. Marriages of people from the Bulgarian and Serbian parts of Znepole when political relations between Bulgaria and Yugoslavia were broken5. Locally, these gatherings were a test for the use of 'kinship' and new, softer. The Bulgarians are part of the Slavic ethnolinguistic group as a result of migrations of Slavic . Serbs and Romanians are recorded higher levels than Bulgarians. .. This study detects a considerable connection between Bulgarians and North Slavs .. Blood type distribution by country · Genealogical DNA test · Genetic.
Linecolors represent the regional identity of the donor group, and line thickness represents the proportion of DNA coming from the donor group. Ranges of the dates point estimates for events involving sources most similar to selected donor groups are shown. Estimated ancient DNA admixture. Haplogroup W5a was found among two individuals and H1an2.
H14b1 was also found. Haplogroups U for the Krushare man, U2e for the Vratitsa individual have been identified. Those individuals were from Thracian burial sites and are dated at around BC. It also claims that according to the SNPs all the four samples came out male and also in the man from Krushare Haplogroup J-PF J2a1a1a1b2 was found, while another man's haplogroup came out negative for E, I and J and remained unknown but is likely R1.
Genetic studies on Bulgarians - Wikipedia
While the Svilengrad man still shows the highest proportion of Sardinian ancestry, the Krushare more resembles the hunter-gatherer individuals. It was shown a short genetic distance between these samples and modern Bulgarians.
As a rule, the families of fugitives were displaced and re-settled in remote regions, mostly in the extreme North-East of Bulgaria, near the Romanian border. Such measures could not stop illegal border crossing: In time, border control softened and special, highly ritualized forms of transborder exchange started to be regularly practiced: For South Slavic zadruga or communal One of them was the extended family: Trun was one of the rare Bulgarian regions with a concentration of households and families of zadruga type, attested over the late 19th and until the midth century 8.
As South-Slavic zadruga in general, these extended families were characterised by common dwelling of three generations as a rule, a cluster of individual families made of the old parents, of their married sons with their wives and children, plus the unmarried daughtersand common ownership of lands and pastures 9.
The input of work from each member was ruled by the common family interest, according to an elaborate scheme of family needs and intra-family division of work Rheubotton In Trun and the surrounding villages, a substantial part of the younger male population was involved in seasonal labour activities that required distant migration and made for the scarcity of able-bodies male workers for most of the year.
Why Bulgarians Don’t Get Married :: Balkan Insight
Large-scale migration of the male population far away from home was attested already in the 19th century and up to the interwar period, when political constraints made for its transformation. It followed two distinctive paths: This created distinctive patterns of kinship solidarity and task rotation. Since the s, numbers of those masons settled in Sofia, bringing their families: Todorov compiled by ; passim ; for t The last extended families disappeared in theunder the effect of socialist urbanization.
Land partition and inheritance of land were central to this process: Thus, large and potentially powerful kinship networks were made inefficient already before the outbreak of the Second World War. More, through the issue of division of common land property that accompanied the extinction of zadrugas, the process of division of extended families was politicized and used in the Bulgarian-Serbian rivalry over the identity of the population in the Znepole area In this way border crossing was still complicated by the issue of land property and division of large families whose different branches were residing in two different States.
Becoming a matter of national[ist] politics and discourses of power already in the s, after the change of regime the role of kin in border crossing and exchange became a truly political and ideological issue.
As a rule, most of them were rendered impracticable, or criminalized, either by one of the bordering States, either by both of them. It was most clearly so when such exchange was related to an economic activity, or some kind of entrepreneurship: Their history could be traced back to the late twenties, when they were organized only by people identifying themselves as Bulgarians, on both sides of the then new border.
The violence that accompanied transborder exchange in this period was also related to the negotiation of symbolic capital: This is the case of the village of S. Revived intransborder fairs featured a still more sophisticated use of kinship. The 'fairs' developed along the borderline, sometimes continuing throughout several km, spreading over the bare land which was left on each side of the borderline. The latter was quite a delicate issue: Border-crossing and the politics of kinship 15It is worth noting the different perception between people who used to come on the fairs from the two sides of the border.
My interlocutors from Trun evoked their experiences from those fairs mainly in terms of access to commodities which they had never previously seen or could never purchase.
Such encounters could result in serious troubles for the customer.
The feelings and memories of people coming from the Serbian side of the border concentrated upon a different kind of experience: It involved neither a movement far away in the sixties, people from the Trun area usually went to the fairs on footnor a real change of State fairs were located in a tiny strip of land alongside the borderline.
Only the invocation of family memories was tolerated in the public space. However, times and again it happened that when held on the Yugoslav side of the border, some young men or women did not return by the closing down of the fair.
Such events were either covered, or could justify the immediate suspension the fair. Trying to promote memories of the past and the kinship ties as the only basis for interaction and lawful exchange, one and the same move had two results: Access to the fairs remained for years limited to the locals and to those able to demonstrate they had kin in the area.
By the end of the s, however, these meetings had become very popular, drawing people from throughout Bulgaria. This was perhaps inevitable: First, they were no more arenas of incessant police watch: The measure defining people who are suffering from mentally illnesses as legally disabled, which means they are effectively deprived of their property and civil rights, is widely disputed, and its removal from the Penal Code was proposed in However, it remains in both in the Penal and Family Code.
Although the types of diseases are not specified, simple reasoning leads to the conclusion that it probably means people suffering from sexually transmitted diseases, mental disorders and genetic malformations are deemed as risky partners. It turned out that my hardships would not end with simple doubts about the morality of this administrative rule, which, as I later found out, has been recently removed in EU countries such as France, but is obligatory in authoritarian states like Turkey, Morocco and Bahrain.
When I went to the relevant office to get instructions about the clinics I had to visit, I was confronted with another surprise.
Plus, considering that the minimum wage in Bulgaria is around euros, making a person pay 30 euros for obligatory examinations does not sound like a fair deal. Neither does it seem to a great incentive for young people to get married.CROATIA VS. SERBIA (relations)
Feeling powerless, I paid, still wondering whether they would allow me to get married if I turned out to be mad, or, for example, HIV positive.