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Uruguay - FOREIGN RELATIONS

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This study focuses on precipitation in Uruguay and the Brazilian state of Rio The tools used in support of this research include principal component and. Border cooperation is another important point in bilateral relations. The common – Brazil intervenes in Uruguay to support colorado Venancio Flores. In the nineteenth century, Argentina and Brazil did not accept Uruguay's status as an Thus, Uruguay's international relations historically have been guided by the It has shared basic values with them, such as support for constitutional.

The Department of International Cooperation, together with the diplomatic missions abroad, it aims to raise funds for the development of exchange programs, technical assistance and professional training.

  • U.S. Department of State
  • Foreign relations of Uruguay

The Office of Planning and Budget determines priorities in this area. As a tool of foreign service, international cooperation is an element of fundamental importance to the fulfillment of the basic principles of our foreign policy. Similarly, it is an instrument with great potential for implementation in sectors increasingly diverse strategies selective for the promotion of human development, health programs, training of human resources, research in science and technology, development of small and medium enterprises, etc.

Uruguay - Foreign Relations

Uruguay's most important political and economic partners are its neighbours, in particular Brazil and Argentina. Mexico is an observer and Bolivia is in the process of becoming a full member. Membership of Mercosur provides Uruguay with preferential trade access to the markets of Mercosur members and its associates. However, Uruguay has expressed an increasing dissatisfaction with the trading benefits that Mercosur has provided and increased protectionism from some other members, and has mooted external FTAs an idea opposed by its Mercosur partners as inconsistent with Mercosur rules.

Uruguay is a member of the Rio Group, an association of Latin American states that deals with multilateral security issues under the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance. Usually considered a neutral country and blessed with a professional diplomatic corps, Uruguay is often called on to preside over international bodies. Australia and Uruguay are members of the Cairns Group and cooperate in the World Trade Organization to advance global reform of agricultural markets.

Australia's first Ambassador to Uruguay, E. Mackinnon presented credentials on 17 July Australia has non-resident diplomatic accreditation to Uruguay through the Australian Embassy in Buenos Aires and maintains an Honorary Consulate in Montevideo, which provides consular services to Australians in Uruguay.

Uruguay's political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent. Uruguay rates highly for most development indicators and is known for its secularism, liberal social laws, and well-developed social security, health, and educational systems.

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It is one of the few countries in Latin America where the entire population has access to clean water. Uruguay's provision of free primary through university education has contributed to the country's high levels of literacy and educational attainment. Political overview The Spanish first arrived in Uruguay inbut resistance from indigenous inhabitants helped postpone full Spanish settlement until the early 18th century.

Montevideo, founded by the Spanish in as a military stronghold, soon took advantage of its natural harbour to become an important commercial centre. Following secession from Spain inUruguay was annexed by Portugal to its Brazilian territories.

Uruguay MUN Country Profile | IMUNA

Claimed by Argentina but annexed by Brazil inUruguay declared its independence from Brazil inand in the country became fully independent under the Treaty of Montevideo. During the rest of the 19th century there was a number of minor conflicts with neighbouring states, coupled with considerable inflows of mainly European immigrants.

Throughout much of the 20th century, Uruguay's two main political parties, the centrist Colorado and National Blanco parties, alternated in power.

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However, a military regime assumed control following a coup inand remained in power until The legacies of twelve years of military rule included an economy in severe decline and lingering human rights issues. Democracy was re-installed in and successive governments have worked to consolidate Uruguay's democratic institutions and stabilise the economy.

Inthe left-of-centre Frente Amplio Coalition won national elections that effectively ended years of political control previously held by the Colorado and Blanco parties. System of government Uruguay is divided into 19 "departments" with limited local self-government. The political system is based on a strong central executive branch, subject to legislative and judicial checks.

Foreign Affairs

No member of any branch of government can simultaneously perform official duties in another branch. The President and Vice-President are chosen by direct popular vote for one five-year term consecutive re-election is not permittedand the ministers are appointed by the President.

The legislative branch consists of a bicameral Parliament, comprising the member Senate upper house and the member Chamber of Deputies lower house. The next presidential and parliamentary elections will be held in October Recent political developments The ruling "Frente Amplio" coalition was returned by a comfortable margin in late after successfully campaigning on Uruguay's strong growth in the previous decade of Frente Amplio governments.

The Frente Amplio FA is a centre-left coalition of 21 political groups. Since Marchhowever, government initiatives have been hampered by an increasingly divided Frente Amplio coalition, that has thwarted attempts to reduce public debt and rein in the fiscal deficit.

Uruguay has performed well during its tenure on the UN Security Council This was the first time that the conference took place in Latin America. Foreign and trade policy Uruguay's most important political and economic partners are its neighbours, in particular Brazil and Argentina. Mexico is an observer and Bolivia is in the process of becoming a full member.

Membership of Mercosur provides Uruguay with preferential trade access to the markets of Mercosur members and its associates. However, Uruguay has expressed an increasing dissatisfaction with the trading benefits that Mercosur has provided and increased protectionism from some other members, and has mooted external FTAs an idea opposed by its Mercosur partners as inconsistent with Mercosur rules.

Brazil–Uruguay relations

Inboth Uruguay and Australia became observers of the Pacific Alliance, a group of outward-looking pro-trade liberalising Latin American economies comprising Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru. InUruguay announced its intention to pursue full membership of the bloc, subject to its Mercosur commitments.

Uruguay maintains positive relations with the United States, based on economic ties and regional cooperation aimed at combatting drug trafficking and terrorism.

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Uruguay and the United States have, in the past, put in place agreements to establish trade and investment relations, including the Joint Commission on Trade and Investment and a bilateral investment framework agreement, which entered into force in Opportunities had been lost with the shelving of education reforms and withdrawal from Trade in Services Agreement negotiations, however a renewed Free Trade Agreement with Chile October is likely to attract Uruguay to Chile's services sector, while Uruguay takes advantage of Chile's openness to trade across the Pacific.

Bilateral relations Australia is expanding its bilateral relationship with Uruguay through trade and people-to-people links, including student exchanges and academic linkages, particularly in the agriculture, energy, mining, and education sectors.

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There is a Census Uruguayan born community in Australia. In there were 2, short-term visitor arrivals from Uruguay. Uruguayan student numbers in Australia remain small, with 89 students enrolled in Australian institutions as at October InDeakin University opened its Latin American office in Uruguay's capital Montevideo, including supporting student exchange in the region more broadly.

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