Map of the North Sea - North Sea Map Location, World Seas - World Atlas
International sea traffic uses it to connect between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, thus saving hundreds of miles of additional travel time. The Baltic Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Map of the Baltic Sea region The Baltic Proper is bordered on its northern edge, at the latitude 60°N, by the Åland islands and the Gulf of. The North Sea and Baltic Sea spectacularly meet at this headland of the Grenen is just north of Skagen and the tip is about 3 miles (5 kilometers) from town.
In the southeast, the Atlantic merges into the Indian Ocean. Mid-Atlantic Ridge The MAR divides the Atlantic longitudinally into two halves, in each of which a series of basins are delimited by secondary, transverse ridges. The MAR is a barrier for bottom water, but at these two transform faults deep water currents can pass from one side to the other.
While nine of these have collectively been nominated a World Heritage Site for their geological value, four of them are considered of "Outstanding Universal Value" based on their cultural and natural criteria: Continental shelves in the Atlantic are wide off Newfoundland, southern-most South America, and north-eastern Europe.
In the western Atlantic carbonate platforms dominate large areas, for example the Blake Plateau and Bermuda Rise.
The Atlantic is surrounded by passive margins except at a few locations where active margins form deep trenches: There are numerous submarine canyons off north-eastern North America, western Europe, and north-western Africa.
Some of these canyons extend along the continental rises and farther into the abyssal plains as deep-sea channels. This involved little guesswork because the idea of sonar is straight forward with pulses being sent from the vessel, which bounce off the ocean floor, then return to the vessel. The remainder of the Sea is brackish, poor in oxygen and in species.
Thus, statistically, the more of the entrance that is included in its definition, the healthier the Baltic appears; conversely, the more narrowly it is defined, the more endangered its biology appears.
Atlantic Ocean - Wikipedia
The origin of the latter name is speculative and it was adopted into Slavic and Finnic languages spoken around the sea, very likely due to the role of Medieval Latin in cartography. It might be connected to the Germanic word belt, a name used for two of the Danish straits, the Beltswhile others claim it to be directly derived from the source of the Germanic word, Latin balteus "belt".
He might also have been influenced by the name of a legendary island mentioned in the Natural History of Pliny the Elder. Pliny mentions an island named Baltia or Balcia with reference to accounts of Pytheas and Xenophon. Baltia also might be derived from belt and mean "near belt of sea, strait.
On this basis, a related hypothesis holds that the name originated from this Indo-European root via a Baltic language such as Lithuanian. Yet another explanation is that the name originally meant "enclosed sea, bay" as opposed to open sea. In the Middle Ages the sea was known by a variety of names. The name Baltic Sea became dominant only after Usage of Baltic and similar terms to denote the region east of the sea started only in 19th century.
The Suebi eventually migrated southwest to reside for a while in the Rhineland area of modern Germany, where their name survives in the historic region known as Swabia. Jordanes called it the Germanic Sea in his work, the Getica. Later, the Norse fought for control of the Baltic against Wendish tribes dwelling on the southern shore. The Norse also used the rivers of Russia for trade routes, finding their way eventually to the Black Sea and southern Russia.
This Norse-dominated period is referred to as the Viking Age. Saxo Grammaticus recorded in Gesta Danorum an older name, Gandvik-vik being Old Norse for "bay", which implies that the Vikings correctly regarded it as an inlet of the sea.
Another form of the name, "Grandvik", attested in at least one English translation of Gesta Danorum, is likely to be a misspelling. In addition to fish the sea also provides amberespecially from its southern shores within today's borders of PolandRussia and Lithuania. First mentions of amber deposits on the South coast of the Baltic Sea date back to the 12th century.Grenen, North-Sea meets Baltic-Sea
Sweden had from early medieval times exported iron and silver mined there, while Poland had and still has extensive salt mines. Thus the Baltic Sea has long been crossed by much merchant shipping. The lands on the Baltic's eastern shore were among the last in Europe to be converted to Christianity.
This finally happened during the Northern Crusades: Finland in the twelfth century by Swedes, and what are now Estonia and Latvia in the early thirteenth century by Danes and Germans Livonian Brothers of the Sword. The Teutonic Order gained control over parts of the southern and eastern shore of the Baltic Sea, where they set up their monastic state.
Lithuania was the last European state to convert to Christianity. An arena of conflict[ edit ] Main trading routes of the Hanseatic League Hanse.
In the period between the 8th and 14th centuries, there was much piracy in the Baltic from the coasts of Pomerania and Prussiaand the Victual Brothers even held Gotland. Starting in the 11th century, the southern and eastern shores of the Baltic were settled by migrants mainly from Germanya movement called the Ostsiedlung "east settling".
Other settlers were from the NetherlandsDenmarkand Scotland.
The Polabian Slavs were gradually assimilated by the Germans.