History of Computers and Computing, Birth of the modern computer, The thinkers, Ada Lovelace
Renowned scientist Stephen Wolfram dives into the relationship that gave Looking at a letter from Ada Lovelace to Charles Babbage in the British .. restless energy” which she believed she finally had found a purpose for. Lord Byron's marriage to Ada's mother, Lady Anne Isabella Around the age of 17, Ada met Charles Babbage, a mathematician and inventor. Ada Lovelace and Charles Babbage designed a computer in the s. A cartoonist 'Surely there must be a couple of new Ada Lovelaces lurking in this land?” exclaimed . We hope to pass our goal by early January
These deal with the familiar modern ideas of flow of control in programs, particularly the formulation of simple loops and nested loops controlled by counters. However, the paper see Sketch of The Analytical Engine and notes carefully and deliberately skirt around any discussion of details of the means by which these are to be implemented, yet it was written for a journal audience.
Babbage wrote the following on the subject, in his book Passages from the Life of a Philosopher: I then suggested that she add some notes to Menabrea's memoir, an idea which was immediately adopted. We discussed together the various illustrations that might be introduced: I suggested several, but the selection was entirely her own.
So also was the algebraic working out of the different problems, except, indeed, that relating to the numbers of Bernoulli, which I had offered to do to save Lady Lovelace the trouble.
This she sent back to me for an amendment, having detected a grave mistake which I had made in the process. Babbage considered this paper a complete summary of the mathematical aspects of the machine, proving that the whole of the development and operations of Analysis are now capable of being executed by machinery. Ada also expanded upon Babbage's general views of the Analytical Engine as a symbol-manipulating device rather than a mere processor of numbers.
10 Things You May Not Know About Ada Lovelace
She brought to the project a fine sense of style that resulted in the frequently quoted analogy, "We may say most aptly that the Analytical Engine weaves algebraic patterns just as the Jacquard-loom weaves flowers and leaves. Supposing, for instance, that the fundamental relations of pitched sounds in the science of harmony and of musical composition were susceptible of such expression and adaptations, the engine might compose elaborate and scientific pieces of music of any degree of complexity or extent Many persons who are not conversant with mathematical studies, imagine that because the business of the engine is to give its results in numerical notation, the nature of its processes must consequently be arithmetical and numerical, rather than algebraic and analytical.
This is an error. The engine can arrange and combine its numerical quantities exactly as if they were letters or any other general symbols; and in fact it might bring out its results in algebraic notation, were provisions made accordingly". So, what about the Ada's title the world's first programmer?
Well, this is nonsense! Babbage was, if programmer is the right term at all. It would be constructed of gears and powered by steam, but it would undeniably be a computer capable of performing calculations and solving problems with greater speed and accuracy than any human.
My previous book, They Called Me Mad: Genius, Madness and the Scientists Who Pushed the Outer Limits of Knowledge dealt with those real life scientists who were so far ahead of their time that only the word genius could be used to describe them. Charles Babbage and Ada Lovelace were two such geniuses. When I began researching their story, I noticed something strange.
I call it Babbage and Lovelace: The book is already written. She examined the anatomy of birds to determine the right proportion between the wings and the body. She decided to write a book, Flyology, illustrating, with plates, some of her findings. She decided what equipment she would need; for example, a compass, to "cut across the country by the most direct road", so that she could surmount mountains, rivers, and valleys.
Her final step was to integrate steam with the "art of flying".
Ada Lovelace - Wikipedia
After being caught, she tried to elope with him but the tutor's relatives recognised her and contacted her mother. Lady Byron and her friends covered the incident up to prevent a public scandal.
Allegra died in at the age of five. Lovelace did have some contact with Elizabeth Medora Leighthe daughter of Byron's half-sister Augusta Leigh, who purposely avoided Lovelace as much as possible when introduced at court.
She had a strong respect and affection for Somerville,  and they corresponded for many years. She was presented at Court at the age of seventeen "and became a popular belle of the season" in part because of her "brilliant mind. She danced often and was able to charm many people, and was described by most people as being dainty, although John HobhouseByron's friend, described her as "a large, coarse-skinned young woman but with something of my friend's features, particularly the mouth".
This first impression was not to last, and they later became friends.
The Manor had been built as a hunting lodge in and was improved by King in preparation for their honeymoon. It later became their summer retreat and was further improved during this time. Immediately after the birth of Annabella, Lady King experienced "a tedious and suffering illness, which took months to cure. In —44, Ada's mother assigned William Benjamin Carpenter to teach Ada's children and to act as a "moral" instructor for Ada.
When it became clear that Carpenter was trying to start an affair, Ada cut it off. In fact, you merely confirm what I have for years and years felt scarcely a doubt about, but should have considered it most improper in me to hint to you that I in any way suspected. This went disastrously wrong, leaving her thousands of pounds in debt to the syndicate, forcing her to admit it all to her husband. John Crosse destroyed most of their correspondence after her death as part of a legal agreement.
She bequeathed him the only heirlooms her father had personally left to her. She was privately schooled in mathematics and science by William FrendWilliam King[a] and Mary Somervillethe noted 19th-century researcher and scientific author.
One of her later tutors was the mathematician and logician Augustus De Morgan. Fromwhen she was seventeen, her mathematical abilities began to emerge,  and her interest in mathematics dominated the majority of her adult life.
In a letter to Lady Byron, De Morgan suggested that her daughter's skill in mathematics could lead her to become "an original mathematical investigator, perhaps of first-rate eminence". While studying differential calculusshe wrote to De Morgan: I may remark that the curious transformations many formulae can undergo, the unsuspected and to a beginner apparently impossible identity of forms exceedingly dissimilar at first sight, is I think one of the chief difficulties in the early part of mathematical studies.
I am often reminded of certain sprites and fairies one reads of, who are at one's elbows in one shape now, and the next minute in a form most dissimilar  Lovelace believed that intuition and imagination were critical to effectively applying mathematical and scientific concepts.
She valued metaphysics as much as mathematics, viewing both as tools for exploring "the unseen worlds around us". Although in great pain at the time, she agreed to sit for the painting as her father, Lord Byronhad been painted by Phillips' father, Thomas Phillips.
Babbage & Lovelace by John Monahan — Kickstarter
Under her mother's influence, she had a religious transformation and was coaxed into repenting of her previous conduct and making Annabella her executor. It is not known what she told him. Mary Magdalene in Hucknall, Nottinghamshire.
A memorial plaque in Latin to her and her father is in the chapel attached to Horsley Towers.