A Passage to India: Essay Q&A | Novelguide
Personal Relationships in "A Passage to India" - Kathrin Langner - Seminar Paper - English The cross-cultural friendship of Dr. Aziz and Mr Fielding. Get an answer for 'Critically examine the Fielding-Aziz relationship in A Passage to India.' and find homework help for other A Passage to India questions at. Get an answer for 'Describe and analyze the relationship between Aziz and Fielding in the closing scene of A Passage to India, particularly as revealed by their.
Both characters have this great fondness for the other with no substance. Moore never actually does anything for Aziz except be a friendly, slightly senile old lady.
In fact as the reader we know how Mrs. The only reason that this relationship seems to work is because Mrs. Moore dies at the right time enabling Aziz to memoralize and glorify her.
The dead have no faults or character flaws. A close reading by the eagle eyed reader reveals something utterly different. No woman in the novel is physically portrayed as beautiful. The Anglo Indian women are deficient of any morality or good will towards Indians or each other. Quested are either old or angular and both devoid of any attraction, especially from Aziz. Aziz as a matter of fact is not shown to be attracted to any woman.
These are not characteristics usually attributed to men nor heterosexual men either. I believe Forster being a homosexual himself may have cast Aziz to be the latent gay character in the novel. His relationship with Fielding certainly brings his sexuality into question. He has no kids and no wife.
Aziz has only heard flattering things about Fielding and is excited to meet him; mutually reciprocated by Fielding who has wanted to meet Aziz as well.
Aziz is certainly attracted to Dr. Fielding and even gives his collar stud to his dear Cyril. Oh, I have so wanted you! Fielding have a homoerotic relationship; at the very least Aziz is certainly attracted to Fielding in a way that denotes more then just heterosexual friendhsip.
On the one hand, it is referring to the impossibility of an Englishman and an Indian maintaining a relationship. That according to the spirit of the times, colonizer and colonized will not bridge the gap, not yet, not there.
The second and more true meaning, is referring to the homosexual relationship that cannot be brought to fruition again, because the spirit of the times. I think in this last passage Forster is putting a bit of his own struggles into the novel. What really happens to Adela in the cave? What happens to Adela in the Marabar Cave is the pivotal moment in the novel, and yet the incident is never, on the literal level, satisfactorily explained.
It is clear that if she was assaulted, as she and all the English believe, the culprit was not Aziz, who does not even find Adela attractive and whose only desire was to entertain his visitors as well as he could. Fielding considers that Adela may have suffered from a hallucination, a theory that may be quite close to the mark. Perhaps in the case of Adela, the Marabar cave she entered might symbolize the depths of the unconscious mind.
She admits to hearing the same mysterious echo that Mrs. Moore heard, and which had such a catastrophic effect on the old lady's peace of mind. For these two Westerners, the caves break down their conscious, carefully constructed personalities and lay bare what is under the surface.
Adela is a somewhat reserved, even repressed character. She is intellectual and curious, but not at home with her emotions, and her relationship with Ronny, who at this point is her fiancee, is stilted and awkward. Before Adela enters the cave, she has realized with a jolt that she does not love Ronny; she has also just asked Aziz whether he has more than one wife. Perhaps as she steps into the cave, some of her unconscious fears about love and marriage and sex are let loose, leading her to imagine that she has been assaulted.
After the incident, from time to time she doubts whether her accusation against Aziz is true, but she represses these doubts. But just before the trial, the echo she has been hearing in her mind ever since the incident finally goes away. Her mind is returning to normal. Then at the trial, McBryde's logical, sequential questioning brings her back to the rational world of facts and evidence. It also brings back a sense of justice and fairness that had been obscured by her mental confusion.
This enables her to see more clearly again, and to retract her accusation. But the mystery is never really solved.
Friendship between Fielding and Aziz | Modernism and Empire
After the trial, Adela's vague statement to Fielding about the matter, "Let us call it the guide" is unsatisfactory, as they both know. The Marabar caves, and their effects on people, are part of the mystery of India, which the Western mind cannot grasp.
How is the theme of friendship developed, and how does it reflect the theme of culture clash? The most important relationship in the novel is that between two men, Aziz and Fielding. The relationships between men and women-primarily those between Adela and Ronny, and Adela and Fielding-are superficial by comparison.
A Passage to India: Essay Q&A
Aziz and Fielding like each other immediately they meet, and an intimacy and depth of feeling springs up between them. When Fielding invites Aziz to tea, Aziz goes out of his way to please his host, offering him his own collar stud when Fielding breaks his. Later, when Fielding visits him, Aziz shows him a picture of his dead wife. Fielding has none of the prejudice against Indians that the other English people have, and is happy to reciprocate Aziz's trust and affection.
However, he feels a trifle uncomfortable with the emotional Aziz, because his own nature is more reserved, and he does not usually form close friendships. But the friendship does not survive unscathed, partly because the two men are so different in temperament. Aziz is emotional, imaginative, and poetic: The down-to-earth Englishman who relies on facts and information to solve life's problems could hardly be more of a contrast. Aziz is also quick to take offense, and even Fielding eventually starts to believe that all Indians are likely to let a man down.
The friendship breaks down after Aziz is arrested. He accuses Fielding of deserting him, even though Fielding had been prevented by Mr. Turton from accompanying him to jail, and had staunchly declared his belief in Aziz's innocence. After his release, an embittered Aziz rejects Fielding's friendship.
After Fielding returns to England, Aziz, who wrongly believes that Fielding has married Adela, destroys Fielding's letters unread.
The collapse of the friendship between Aziz and Fielding also shows the difficulty of friendship and communication between West and East, between the occupying power and the disenfranchised indigenous inhabitants. This is not a recipe for a relationship between equals.
The end of the novel poignantly expresses the gulf that circumstances and race have placed between Aziz and Fielding, and which cannot be bridged.
Although they both want to continue their restored friendship, Aziz insists that it cannot happen until the English leave India. What is the significance, if any, of the titles of each section: Mosque, Caves and Temple?
The Islamic mosque and the Hindu temple present positive images of the two dominant religions of India. The Caves draw out some of the significance of Indian spirituality-Hindu rather than Islamic-that are problematic for Westerners. In chapter 2, the mosque at Chandrapore is viewed through the sympathetic eyes of a devout Moslem.
The mosque stimulates Aziz's loftiest thoughts and allows his imagination to soar. It is also the place where Aziz meets Mrs. Moore, and they strike up a friendship.